Increased blood sugar levels during pregnancy affect the heart of babies
Pregnancy is a time of great happiness, but also of great responsibilities and risks. Some problems like diabetes are among the most common side effects during pregnancy, and it is important to pay special attention to the sugar in your blood during this time. It is known that diabetic women are more likely to have babies with heart problems, but a new study shows that the risk is also present for mothers who do not have the disease.
The study was conducted at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Stanford, in the United States, and reported on the website of the scientific journal Journal of Pediatrics, and shows that increased blood sugar levels, especially during early pregnancy, increase the risk of cardiac malformation. 10mg of blood glucose during the first trimester of pregnancy, the risk of giving birth to a child with a congenital heart defect increases by 8%. The method used for the research was the analysis of 19,107 medical records of mothers and their babies born between 2009 and 2015.
Details of prenatal care, cardiac diagnoses in infants and blood test results were present in these documents . Children who had characteristics such as genetic diseases, who were born with multiple pregnancies, or whose mothers were very overweight or underweight were disregarded in the study. The results of this check came to the following conclusion: Of all the babies examined, 811 were diagnosed with congenital heart disease. "The majority of women who give birth to a child with congenital heart disease are not diabetic. women who do not yet have diabetes or who develop diabetes during pregnancy can measure the risk of having a child with congenital heart disease by measuring glucose values during the first trimester of pregnancy, "says the pediatrician and homeopaths Moises Chencinski.
However, measuring glucose values is not a common habit for non-diabetic pregnant women, even for lack of information on the subject. Instead, pregnant women often take an oral glucose tolerance test in mid-pregnancy to see if they have gestational diabetes, but when this happens the fetus's heart has been formed for a long time, and there is no more
The next goal of the research is to carry out a prospective study that will monitor a large number of women during the gestational period to see if these findings are confirmed. If there really is a link between increased blood glucose levels and the formation of babies with heart problems, women can take steps to prevent their children from taking these risks.
How to reduce the sugar in your diet
When reading this information, you may be wondering what strategies to follow to lower your dietary sugar, and consequently prevent your baby from any heart problems. Let's separate a few tips:
Cut the soda
Choose fruits as dessert during the week
- Avoid processed foods
- Maneire in the spoonfuls of sugar
- Cheat candy with unsweetened chewing gum
- Decreased Fast Food Consumption
- Prioritize meals at home
- Do aerobic exercise
- What benefits does the study bring
- "We could use glycemic information to select women for fetal heart screening. antenatal imaging allow for detailed diagnoses of many congenital heart defects before birth. Knowing the defects earlier improves prenatal care itself because mothers can receive specialized care that increases the chances of babies being healthier after birth. , concludes Moises Chencinski.
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