Know Lupus Symptoms Everyone Should Pay Attention
Early symptoms are very much confused with that of a common viral infection, such as fever, malaise , fatigue, body pain, loss of appetite and discomfort. These symptoms mimic those of a common cold or cold and usually delay the diagnosis of lupus.
This complex initial picture appears because lupus causes a high-intensity inflammatory response from our defense cells. This response manifests itself with exacerbated and recurrent inflammation of the various tissues and is due to the production of various "toxic" substances that lead to severe tissue damage and destruction.
The initial non-specific symptoms of recurrent fever, malaise, joints and tiredness that suddenly appear and disappear, lead the patient to seek the doctor for a better investigation of his condition. However, it is possible to diagnose lupus with other very common signs, such as:
Hair loss is also a common symptom and may appear early in the picture. It is a sign that the disease is active.
Joint pain is another sign of lupus and occurs mainly in the large joints: shoulders, knees, ankles and hip. Lupus usually inflames the joints but does not deform them, as it does in rheumatoid arthritis. In this way, it does not lead to atrophy, but this inflammation must be well controlled due to high intensity pain and the difficulty of mobilizing the affected joint.
Weakness is another common symptom in the initial clinical picture. This symptom is more common in untreated lupus because it is a disease with high inflammatory power. The "toxic" substances released by our defense cells spread through the bloodstream leading to symptoms of intense weakness. They can reach the muscle cells of the arms and legs leading to chronic fatigue.
Another very common early symptom is the mood swings of patients. Because it is a dragged disease and difficult to diagnose, the patient often finds himself tired of going to and from the emergency room without an accurate diagnosis.
There is a frustration and sadness due to the uncertainty of his illness and his mood becomes depressed . The longer it takes for an accurate diagnosis, the worse the patient feels from the psychological point of view. Lack of appetite
Lack of appetite may appear in the early symptoms of the disease and occurs due to the severe inflammatory response of our defense system . The circulation through the body of "toxins" makes our appetite diminish. It is as if we are living in a chronic "flu" state.
Living with lupus
To get good control of lupus, it is necessary that the emotions are balanced. Facing the disease by the patient and close relatives is an important pillar in the treatment and prognosis of this disease.
The skin is the organ that easily ignites in patients with lupus. Cutaneous manifestations range from a malar rash to wounds scattered over the scalp and face. The rash is as if the patient had passed a blush over the cheeks and nose. The wounds are shallow, well delimited, ulcerated, non-confluent and leave permanent scars.The redness in areas exposed to the sun is another very common manifestation. Guiding the use of sunscreen and recommending that the patient protect himself from UV rays should always be remembered.
In addition to the initial symptoms there are also manifestations in the noble organs such as heart, brain and kidney:
In the heart can occur pericarditis, inflammation of the? Hood? which coats the heart
In the brain, inflammation of the meninges occurs and may lead to convulsion
In the kidneys inflammation occurs leading to nephritis and in some cases can lead to total paralysis of the kidneys and the patient progresses to dialysis of urgency.
- Lupus is a serious disease with early manifestations that are not disease specific. It is important that the doctor is aware of the recurrent symptoms, which do not improve with the use of common medications. The age of the patient as well as the time of onset of symptoms are considered important factors in the progression of the condition.
- When lupus already begins with a manifestation of a noble organ such as kidney or brain, the disease should be followed closely. There are lupus that do not reach important organs and only manifest themselves in the skin and joints, are considered to be of better evolution and require lighter medications.
- Once the diagnosis is made, appropriate treatment should be initiated according to the manifestation of the disease. disease. There is no way to know who will develop the most serious and mildest lupus. This will depend on the immune response of each individual.
The physician should always assess the patient's degree of coping with the disease. Because it is a rare, serious, complex and drawn disease, the patient must be very well informed and know how to face his illness in the face of the various manifestations possible. Keeping your body and emotional system balanced are essential for lupus control. The multidisciplinary therapy involving physical therapist, psychologist, acupuncturist, physical educator, occupational therapist and nutritionist is necessary for a better follow-up of these patients.
Lupus is not a disease that can be cured but controlled with medication, regular physical activity and good food. Good management of the disease allows the patient to perform her normal daily life functions. The patient can become pregnant and work just like any other person with a chronic illness. Preservation by quality of life in these patients should be the primary target of treatment.
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