Losing weight before pregnancy can decrease complications in 40-year-old women
Women who become pregnant after age 40 are more likely to have complications, such as diabetes and poor fetal development. Being a healthy weight before becoming pregnant, however, appears to decrease these risks, according to a study coordinated by researcher John R. Barton, director of maternal-fetal medicine at the Baptist Central Hospital in Lexington, Kentucky. Researchers analyzed data from more than 53,000 women between July 2006 and August 2011. All were pregnant for the first time expecting a single baby. The authors compared the pregnant women with obesity to those without the disease, considering the differences in age: one group at age 20 and one at age 40. People with heart disease, diabetes, hypertension or other health complications were not included in the study.
The survey indicated that women who were obese and older had more complications than older women with a healthy weight. These overweight pregnant women were also more likely to have the baby prematurely (before 37 weeks gestation) than those of the same age group and healthy weight. Preterm birth increases the risk of baby health problems.
Overweight volunteers, regardless of age, were twice as likely to have pre-eclampsia as future, ideal-weight mothers. In this condition, blood pressure rises and a high level of protein is found in the urine, which can be dangerous if not treated.
Has a three-fold complication of developing gestational diabetes also been found? high blood sugar during pregnancy? in these women with high weight. The results were presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists in San Diego, California.
Take away the enemies of your health in late pregnancy
Gynecologist Aléssio Calil Mathias of the Genesis Clinic explains that the fall in fertility with the advancement of age is a biological fact. "It is estimated that the chance of pregnancy per month is approximately 20% in women under 30 years, but only 5% in women over 40," comments the expert. Even with treatments for infertility, such as in vitro fertilization, fertility decreases and the chances of a miscarriage increase after age 40. There are several explanations for this decline in fertility: medical conditions, changes in ovarian function, and changes in the release of eggs . Check out some expert tips for a healthy pregnancy:
Preserve the baby's development
"To prevent fetal malformation at least six months before conception, you need to start folic acid supplementation, which extends to the 14th week of gestation, "says the gynecologist Alessio. The function of folic acid is to prevent closure defects of the fetal neural tube, ensuring a good formation of the spinal cord and the baby's brain.
Avoid gestational diabetes
Cultivate a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals, it is one of the most effective ways to combat gestational diabetes and strengthen the immune system. The hazards of the disease include high blood pressure, excessive accumulation of amniotic fluid (which may distend the pregnant woman's belly too much), fetal mortality and malformations.
This does not mean, however, table restrictions: fruits, vegetables, vegetables, carbohydrates, proteins and fats should form very colorful dishes. "Do not forget to eat every three hours, which prevents crises of hunger and hypoglycemia," says gynecologist Bárbara Murayama of the Brazilian Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Associations (FEBRASGO).The expert advises also that avoided meals with many condiments or seasonings in cubs, that make dizziness worse and aggravate the hypertension.
Beware of hypertension
Hypertension is more common in pregnant women over 35 years of age, in pregnant women of the first child and in multiple pregnancies. Apart from these cases, the disease threatens any mother who does not get enough rest or is subjected to high levels of stress, who consumes less protein than she needs, consumes too much salt or has a family history of hypertension. In addition, hypertension reduces the amount of amniotic fluid within the uterus, which reduces the passage of oxygen through the placenta.
In addition, hypertension reduces the amount of amniotic fluid within the uterus, which reduces the passage of oxygen through the placenta . Consequently, the baby moves little, eliminating less urine and even stopping breathing to save energy. In severe cases, there is the death of the child. Pressure monitoring routinely, decreasing salt intake and drinking lots of water are essential for controlling high blood pressure.
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