Male Infertility: Understand the Role of Men in Difficulty Getting Pregnant
One of the most common myths related to infertility is to think of it as a strictly female condition. However, the figures are similar for them and they: when we talk about couples with infertility problems, 40% of the cases are women's problems and 40% are due to human health issues. In the remaining 20%, both have some factor that makes pregnancy difficult.
Unfortunately there is a context for this: it is rooted in the medical culture that, due to menstruation, the woman must go to the gynecologist every year. Consequently, it is more common to find women who have a habit of checking up and are aware of any problems related to reproduction and their organs.
Man, whose reproductive process visibly comes down to ejaculation, usually does not go to the doctor. So it is very common for him not to have the slightest idea of having any detectable infertility factor. Differently from a cancer patient, for example, who discovers it because of this medical picture.
What Causes Male Infertility?
Although not widely known, there is a single problem of infertility in men: quantity and seminal quality. Within this context, there are several unfoldings and severities. The most serious dysfunction is called azoospermia, the complete absence of sperm in ejaculation. This may be due to surgeries, genetic errors, exposure to hormonal substances (such as anabolic steroids), chemotherapy, and other medications.
And the most common factor in male infertility is varicose veins in the testicles, a cause known as varicocele. The treatment is done by means of a simple microsurgery, using microscope of quite high resolution. Fertility can even be re-established and can be conceived in a natural way.
Treatments for male infertility
In general, male problems can be resolved with programmed relationship, artificial insemination and, ultimately, depending on severity and need, with in vitro fertilization. So, although the factors in man are simpler, the greatest hindrance is to have no information. It is very common for him to seek an assisted reproduction clinic and present an altered spermogram, but without a medical history, which can make diagnosis and treatment difficult. Fortunately, laboratory procedures, most of the time, resolve these dysfunctions. But the ideal would be for men, as well as women, to regularly follow the state of their reproductive health.
Meanwhile, women ...
Women have a much wider range of infertility factors. From ovulatory problems, the simplest to be treated, to anatomical abnormalities, diseases such as endometriosis and problems of ovarian reserve, as a consequence of the decline of fertility with age. Because of this variety of possibilities, the best way to assess fertility is to consider the couple as a whole and to have multipurpose professionals for it.
According to each case, the major problem of human reproduction is to have two patients at the same time, with frames that interact. For example, if on one side there is a man with reasonably altered semen with a varicocele, and on the other there is a woman with few eggs, advanced age - for reproductive parameters - and heavy endometriosis, it is a sum that, if not well-diagnosed, can lead to high complexity treatments and not always with good success. Therefore, it is very important not to waste time and do a joint evaluation, as this unit is extremely important for the effectiveness of the result.
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