Menarche: adolescents should be well advised when first menstruation occurs
The mean age of the menarche is 12 years and can occur between 10 and 15 years. It occurs two to two and a half years after the onset of the mammary sprout and after the growth spurt, in a slowing phase. The young woman who does not have the beginning of her cycles until the 16 years, being with her formed body, that is to say, development of breasts and the normal ones, must be investigated. Another reason justifying the search for medical evaluation is the lack of physical development in 14-year-old adolescents.
The menstrual cycles are not usually regular at the beginning, with intervals shorter than one month or skip a few months. It is interesting that the adolescent make a menstrual calendar to follow the maturation of his body and begin to understand it better and better. Also, cramps are not common at first, even in families whose women suffer from it (yes, there is heredity when it comes to menstrual cramps!) And they usually appear when the cycles become regular, if at all. After two years of menarche, most adolescents already have their regular cycles, but some may take up to five years to make it happen.
The menarche raises many doubts for the young inexperienced with regard to personal care. Remembering what is happening in the body, which leads to bleeding, helps the teenager to "take ownership" of the situation. Genital hygiene guidelines and the maximum time of use of the absorbent should be given, which must be changed from time to time, at the most every four hours, even if they are not yet fully used. It is very common that the opposite happens: afflicted with the idea of bleeding and feeling dirty, many teenagers tend to change with an exaggerated frequency.
Is she a swimmer? Ballet dancer? Are you traveling from school and will you be on your period? There are medicines that help slow the flow or even delay or advance it, but they should be used sporadically only in cases of real need. And we can not forget the inner absorbent. The vast majority of girls can use it in the mini size, but it is advisable to have a previous medical examination to ensure that its use will not cause any problems. Here too the frequency of change should be emphasized, since leaving the absorbent for a prolonged period can cause a very serious illness called toxic shock.
Young women who are distressed by the onset of menarche generally have misconceptions about it and this must be corrected. One of the issues that most frighten them is related to growth. It is said that when menstruar the girls stop growing. This is not true, after first menstruation the growth continues for up to two more years, but at a slower pace, acquiring another five to seven centimeters in this period. Another sadness comes from the thought that, as a mark of physical maturity, your behavior has to change. Playing dolls, talking nonsense, having childish attitudes are barely seen now? Of course not! Everything has its time and the change of attitudes is happening gradually, in a natural way.
Menstruation is a milestone in a woman's life. A sign that the body is maturing and becoming adult, but mainly that the body is healthy. Accepting teenagers at the time of menarche, guiding them and taking away doubts, is a role for families, doctors or whoever these young women seek to share this important moment of their life.
Stress is a part of many people's lives, and can affect them both psychologically and physically. According to a study by American researchers and the University of Oxford in the UK, stress in women can directly affect the sex of the baby. Women who are pressured at home, at work or in their love life in weeks or months before getting pregnant are more likely to give birth to a girl.
Technology is shaping the way children play. A toy brand wanted to understand these impacts and to evaluate the leisure habits of children up to 10 years of age. In the survey of 1,271 parents and caregivers in the United States in 2017, the researchers found that children spent about 19 hours a week in front of electronics, 15 hours playing at home away from the screens and only 11 hours with play outside, in the street or in the yard.
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