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Menthol Cigarettes Increase Dependence

Menthol Cigarettes Increase Dependence

The Department of Pulmonology of the Gregorio Marañón Hospital in Madrid, Spain, found that menthol cigarettes increase tobacco dependence and pose a greater risk to health than traditional cigarettes. Professionals have requested a ban on menthol as an additive in these products.

In Brazil, the number of flavored cigarette brands has doubled in the last three years. Menthol, a substance added to products, promotes smoking, creates more dependence and makes it harder to quit.

According to the pulmonologists involved in the research, menthol provides the sensation of a fresher and deeper inhalation, acting as a the local analgesic, smoothing the effect of smoking and stimulating smoking.

The group of experts also states that tobacco dependence is higher among cigarette smokers than among traditional cigarette smokers, since the menthol group needs smoking the first cigarette in the morning much earlier - the need to smoke early in the morning is the primary indication of physical addiction to tobacco.

The authors ruled that mint cigarettes are healthier and have warned of the largest number of particles extrapolations in the smoke of this type of cigarette, which causes an increased risk of myocardial infarction.


Dependencies caused by cigarette

According to data from In 2008, more than half of Brazil's smokers (52.1%) said they thought or planned to quit smoking. When deciding to quit the addiction, it is necessary first of all to identify the degree and type of addiction you have.

Physical dependence

Nicotine is responsible for the physical dependence of the smoker. It is a psychoactive substance, that is, it affects the physical and the psychic in addition to changing the behavior. Physical dependence means loss of control over the use of a particular drug.

Regarding smoking, the person who smokes can not exercise self-control, even though he or she is fully aware of the serious health risks. This dependence varies from one smoker to another. other. When the cigarette is swallowed, the nicotine is absorbed into the bloodstream through the lungs and on average 10 seconds reaches the Central Nervous System through nicotinic receptors.

In this way, the release of neurotransmitter substances that stimulate the sensation of tranquility and well -estation, which becomes a booster so that the smoker, after some time, smokes again.

The lack of nicotine produces unpleasant reactions which is denominated Abstinence Syndrome. It is characterized by headache, tremor, sweating, high anxiety, hunger, irritability, sadness and even depression.

Psychological dependence

Smoking is used by smokers to control their emotions. In general, when they are tense or anxious, smoking soothes them.

Over time, the smoker extends the use of the cigarette to control their emotional state, throwing it when depressed, angry or stressed, becoming the common form of dealing with situations involving emotions, no longer remembering how to reduce stress without smoking.

In addition to functioning as a support or coping mechanism to deal with frustration, feelings of loneliness and social pressures, cigarette smoking can also be used as a form of self-stimulation and self-gratification.


The act of smoking involves various associations of behaviors linked to individual or social habits, or even to rituals that gradually become conditioned reflexes.

For example, smoking can be mentioned in the following conditions: intellectual activities, after meals, in the bathroom, while driving, drinking, drinking, among others. Conditioning, therefore, is a habit that sets in the smoker, as well as chemical dependence and psychological dependence.The question of conditioning, as well as the profile of the smoker in general has the particularities of each one as a person.

These particularities have to do with everyday life situations that are put into practice without the smoker to think about what you are doing.

Anvisa suspends lot of anti-inflammatory drug

Anvisa suspends lot of anti-inflammatory drug

The National Agency of Sanitary Surveillance (Anvisa) has ordered the interim injunction of lot 917278 of the anti-inflammatory Somaflex (diclofenac sodium), 100 mg coated tablet, with valid for November 2018. The decision was published in the Official Gazette of this Thursday (26). The remedy, manufactured by the EMS SA laboratory, presented an unsatisfactory result in the aspect test, considering Initial Tax Review Report nº .


Anal sex: ask questions about it

Anal sex: ask questions about it

Anal sex causes hemorrhoids? Anal sex pregnant? What is the risk of contracting the HIV virus? These and other questions are among the biggest doubts of those who already practice or think about practicing the anal relationship. Besides these, hygiene care also comes in, there is also the risk of diseases, the proper way to do it and the myths that surround this practice.