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Metabolic syndrome increases chances of other serious diseases

Metabolic syndrome increases chances of other serious diseases

Many people look to their physicians for specific and unique complaints such as: obesity, high blood pressure, hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels), increased triglyceride levels (one of the types of fat), decreased levels of "good" HDL cholesterol or increased uric acid levels in the blood, but few are informed that these laboratory signs may all be related to the same disease known as Metabolic Syndrome.

Since the decade and 80, mainly through research by Dr. Reaven, it was observed that frequent diseases such as hypertension, changes in glucose and cholesterol were associated with obesity. In addition, all these conditions had one thing in common: insulin resistance. Insulin is critical not only for controlling blood glucose rates, but it works on the liver, fatty tissue, kidneys and blood vessels. In insulin resistance, the individual produces the pancreatic hormone insulin, but this amount - even if adequate - does not fully act, and consequently disrupts the transport of glucose from the blood into the cells, so that it can be used as a source of insulin.

Some factors can be a facilitator of the metabolic syndrome, such as the unbalanced diet combined with a sedentary lifestyle

In the person with insulin resistance, the body secretes larger amounts of insulin, seeking to "correct" this unbalanced action, However, sometimes this mechanism is not efficient, and may present as a pre-diabetes state, and even diabetes, caused by the increased concentration of both insulin and blood glucose.

Not yet all causes of the development of this syndrome, but some factors can be facilitators like the unbalanced diet allied to a sedentary lifestyle. Already it is known that an irregular diet and lack of physical activity propitiate the increase of cholesterol, with risk of depositing in blood vessels causing atherosclerosis. And, in the growing obstruction of the vessels there may be an increase or worsening of hypertension. On the other hand, studies show that obesity leads to an increase in triglycerides, progression to diabetes and potentially increased atherosclerosis, keeping components of this syndrome always in a cycle that maintains the disease.

What it can cause ?

The importance of the Metabolic Syndrome was due to the finding of its relation with cardiovascular disease. When present, Metabolic Syndrome is associated with a general mortality two times greater than in the normal population and increases in three times the mortality from cardiovascular causes.

Of the diagnostic criteria of this disease, the two most accepted are those of the World Health Organization. Health (WHO) and the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) - American. Brazil has the Brazilian Consensus on Metabolic Syndrome, a document referenced by medical entities, according to the Brazilian Society of Endocrinology and Metabology. According to the Brazilian criteria, the Metabolic Syndrome occurs when at least three of the following five criteria are present:

- Central obesity - waist circumference> 88 cm in women and 102 cm in men

- Arterial Hypertension - blood pressure> 130 and / or diatolic blood pressure> 85 mmHg;

- Fasting glycemia altered (> 110 mg / dl) or diagnosis of Diabetes;

- Triglycerides> 150 mg / dl;

- HDL cholesterol <40 mg / dl in men and <50 mg / dl in women

Treatment

The most effective treatment for the metabolic syndrome and its associated complications is the change in lifestyle, especially adequate diet and practice of regular physical exercise with loss of excess weight, besides the abandonment of those factors that can be aggravating, as for example, the smoking. As all risk factors are interrelated, the improvement of one aspect of the syndrome leads to an overall improvement of the whole clinical picture. In some cases, however, the medication becomes essential and should always be prescribed by the doctor. Pharmacological treatment may be necessary to control hypertension and cholesterol levels, glycemia, but it does not dispense the concern and commitment to a healthy life.


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Recipe: matchtet latte and mint

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