Mumps and meningitis: know the differences between the symptoms
Only in Campinas, in the interior of São Paulo, cases of mumps have increased by 304% in recent months, according to the Health Department. is 10 times higher than in 2015. In São José do Rio Preto, also in the interior of São Paulo, 18 meningitis cases occurred in only 10 days. In the Federal District, cases of the disease are 75% higher than in 2015, according to data from the Department of Health.
Mumps can rarely result in more serious complications and have no specific treatment, just rest and wait. The best way to prevent it is through the vaccine. Meningitis must be treated with extreme caution, as it can lead to death. Confusion of symptoms can cause the medical diagnosis not to be made fast enough, with consequences for the patient. So, know more about diseases and, at the slightest sign or symptom of either, look for a specialist:
What is it?
Mumps is a viral infection that affects the parotid glands - one of the three pairs of glands that produce saliva. The parotids are situated between their ears and in front of them. Mumps are much more common in children, and can affect one or both of the glands. Complications of mumps are rare, and usually happen when the person contracts the disease in adult life. There is no specific treatment for mumps, so it is important to prevent its onset with vaccination.
- Swelling and pain in the salivary glands (paroditite), which can be on both sides or in only one of them
- Drowsiness and weakness
- Poor appetite
- Pain when chewing and swallowing
What is it?
Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, which are the membranes that surround the brain. There are several types of meningitis, and for each of them there are specific cause and symptoms. Most of the cases of meningitis are caused by viruses or bacteria, but the disease can also be transmitted via fungi.
Other factors can also trigger meningitis, such as allergies to certain drugs, some cancers and also inflammation. The three types of the disease can lead to chronic meningitis.
The first signs of meningitis, when manifested, appear from a few hours to two days after infection.
- Poor appetite
- Rigid neck
- Vomiting and nausea
- Mental confusion and difficulty concentrating
- Cracking and presence of red spots on the skin
A new medicine for the adjunctive treatment of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome was authorized by the National Sanitary Surveillance Agency (Anvisa). Inovelon® (rufinamide) will be manufactured by the company Bushu Pharmaceuticals Limited, located in Japan. However, in Brazil, the registration of the drug is not recommended for children under 4 years of age.
There are studies suggesting that various substances, natural or synthetic, can act in the endocrine system causing health problems. In 2012, the World Health Organization (WHO) has issued a report expressing its concerns about the potential adverse effects of endocrine disrupters ( State of the Science of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals, , 2012).