Music helps patients recover from surgery, study finds
That music does well for the mind, everyone knows! And it's common for surgeons to put music in operating rooms, even to get more relaxed in a job of so much pressure. However, the benefits of this practice do not just happen to doctors: a new study, published in the scientific journal The Lancet showed that songs before, during and especially after surgeries are beneficial to patient recovery, and even help them to feel less pain and anxiety.
To reach this conclusion, scholars from the University of Brunel in the United Kingdom analyzed 72 studies that gathered a total of 7,000 people. With this data in hand, they mainly observed how music affected anxiety and pain in these patients.
When comparing patients who heard music post-operatively with those who did not hear, the former felt much less pain and anxiety in the and were also less likely to need pain medications. In addition, the song appeared to increase patient satisfaction after surgery. But there was no change in the length of hospital stay.
The results were the same, regardless of whether the patient had heard music before or after surgery, but a little more intense when heard before entering the operating room. But what surprised the researchers was how even music during surgery, even under anesthesia, influenced the improvement of patients' pain, although its impact was greater in conscious patients during the procedure.
And the type of music does not influence both: patients who chose their own songs for the treatment had a little less pain than those who heard songs chosen by the medical staff.
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A survey conducted by the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center in the United States shows that people undergoing bariatric surgery are at greater risk of becoming dependent on alcohol. The surgery reduces the size of the stomach and directs the food to an area of the intestine that absorbs fewer nutrients and calories.
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