Music therapy shows efficacy treating fibromyalgia symptoms
Researchers at the University of Granada, Spain, have proven that music therapy, when combined with other relaxation techniques, significantly reduces pain, depression and anxiety, and improves sleep in patients with fibromyalgia.
The study had 60 patients suffering from fibromyalgia, randomly selected in Spain and divided into two groups . For four weeks, a relaxation technique with images and music therapy was applied in one of the groups in a series of sessions conducted by a researcher.
This group of patients received a CD to listen at home. The researchers then measured a number of variables associated with the main symptoms of fibromyalgia, such as pain intensity, quality of life, impact of disease on the patient's daily life, sleep disorders, anxiety, depression and well-being.
While the untreated group reported no changes in pain, the other group, which underwent music therapy, experienced significant reduction in pain and depression after four weeks of treatment. P>
Students believe that there are tools - such as the art of relaxation, with guided imagery and receptive music therapy - that are effectively effective in treating the symptoms of this disease. The low cost, easy implementation and the fact that patients can get involved in their home treatment are some of the advantages of this technique.
The next step of the study is to discover other physiological variables associated with the well-being generated by these two techniques and the impact of the participation of the patients in their own treatment.
Music therapy treats several diseases
"Music reaches the limbic system in full, region of our brain responsible for emotions, motivation and affection", explains Maristela Smith, coordinator of the Music Therapy Clinic at the United Metropolitan Faculty in São Paulo. This is a key point of music therapy: a method that uses the sound past to treat evils of all kinds. "Patients with Alzheimer's disease, for example, rescue aspects of memory through songs and routine sounds," says the specialist.
Treatment is highly indicated for people who have communication disorders (such as speech and stuttering disorders ); of behavior (such as hyperactivity); neurological disorders, brain lesions and dyslexia. Neither mental illness, such as childhood autism, schizophrenia, and depression, can withstand good chords.
Musical notes therapy is divided into stages: musicodiagnostics, in which data are collected on personal, clinical, and sound history of the patient. Then the specialist details his goals and submits the patient's action plan. Then begins the treatment stage in a special room with adequate acoustics. Sessions include varied music and sound features from CDs, voices, instruments and even noises. The specialist assesses the patient's reaction to each sound, documents everything, and compares the results to their initial design.
"Positive effects have been seen in the first 10 sessions, especially with regard to the development of global perception of the patient, "says Maristela Smith.
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During the research, scientists isolated a protein called Adam-10, which everyone has in their blood. Identifying what changes in it may indicate the presence of Alzheimer's. In order to confirm this deformation, 24 volunteers over 60 years of age were selected, divided among healthy individuals, Alzheimer's patients and mild neurocognitive disorder, a condition considered as pre-Alzheimer's.
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