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Nail fungus: how to remove

Nail fungus: how to remove

Fungi are the agents of mycosis, so every time the nail is with a fungus and with a deforming lesion and this is caused by this fungus. fungus, we will be in front of a ringworm.

What happens sometimes is that the nail is with a change and with a fungus that is not the cause of this lesion. This happens a lot in detachments, either from sports-induced trauma (toenails) or from the lousy habit of poking under the pinna nail to remove accumulating dirt, as well as diseases such as tumors, psoriasis and other inflammations. Some fungi, such as dermatophytes, produce characteristic lesions because they are able to "eat" keratin, a protein that forms the nails.

Candida sp and some other fungi are considered contaminants and their presence should indicate the need to seek a primary cause for the nail problem, since it was not they that caused the nail. disease. They can only consume keratin if it has already been harmed previously.

Causes and appearance

Fungi are microorganisms, ie: they can only be seen through examination under a microscope. However, they alter the appearance of the nails and therefore we may suspect their presence because of these changes. The precise diagnosis depends on complementary tests: the culture allows the diagnosis of certainty, because we recover the fungus present in the nail, by cultivating a piece of it in the laboratory.

The most frequent changes are the hollow nail and a thickening of the skin that lies below it. Over time the nail may become thicker, with various colors that range from yellow to brown and look ugly, sick. The sooner we find the doctor, the sooner we will have the diagnosis and start the treatment.

Treatment

Triggering a nail does not solve the mycosis problem because the fungus is lodged below the nail in the area called the nail bed. Therefore, nail removal simply does not lead to healing and is not a treatment modality.

The only possible treatment for an installed ringworm is to use antifungal medicines. Depending on each case, there are contraindications to the use of oral remedies and we are required to make a long treatment only with local remedies, which will not always lead to cure, despite promoting disease control. The most effective treatments are with oral medications for long periods, associated or not with local medicines.

It is important to point out that these treatments should be done with medical follow-up because of the long duration of treatment, possibility of side effects and contraindications to the use . Therefore, home treatments are contraindicated.

How to avoid

After completing the treatment, it is essential to take a lot of care not to develop mycosis again. Fungi are out there in our environment and we are at risk every time we leave our feet warm and wet and we have contact with them.

Risk factors are the presence of people with ringworm in the same house, attend swimming pools and dressing rooms without the use of slippers, wearing the same shoes every day, wearing socks or not changing them daily, and presence of immunity deficits, whether due to illness or the use of medication.

Diabetic patients or patients with chronic corticosteroids and immunosuppressants are more susceptible. Avoiding bad habits, drying your feet well before putting on shoes and using talcum powder are important to avoid the problem.

In the presence of peeling of the feet, which do not improve after a week of hydration, seek the dermatologist! This can be a ringworm in the feet that will, over time, end up getting caught in the nails.


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