National Flu Vaccination Campaign estimated to vaccinate 80% of at-risk groups
The Ministry of Health, through the General Coordination of the National Immunization Program (CGPNI) and the General Coordination of Communicable Diseases (CGDT), is part of the Ministry of Health. Surveillance of Communicable Diseases (DEVEP) of the Secretariat of Health Surveillance (SVS) integrated and articulated to the State and Municipal Health Secretariats, will carry out in the period from April 22 to May 9 the National Vaccination Campaign against the Flu of the year 2014 On April 26.
Older children aged 60 and over will be vaccinated, children aged six months to children under five years old, pregnant women, puerperal women, those with diseases health workers, indigenous peoples, and populations deprived of their liberty. (to put the public in order prisoners, Indians and health professionals must come last)
Acute respiratory infections are a set of frequent diseases with a higher incidence in people 60 years of age and older and children, of the main etiological agents of these diseases that can cause hospitalization and death, especially in groups at high risk for complications of viral infection.
One of the main preventive public health interventions for this disease is undoubtedly vaccination. The annual vaccination campaign has contributed over the years to the prevention of influenza in the vaccinated groups, as well as to reduce hospitalization rates, avoidable mortality, and drug costs for the treatment of secondary infections.
Why should we vaccinate against influenza ?
Influenza, or influenza, is an acute respiratory infection caused by seasonal A and B viruses. In general, seasonal viruses have an increase in the number of cases between autumn and winter seasons, and there may be years with less or greater incidence.
There is no way to predict exactly the beginning of the seasonal period. Therefore, the vaccine is done annually during the months of April and May, aiming to immunize the population at risk from the virus, since it usually circulates with greater intensity in the fall and winter.
Influenza can cause serious complications and to lead to death, especially in the high-risk groups for complications of viral infection (children aged 6 months to less than 5 years, pregnant women, adults aged 60 years and over, non-communicable chronic disease patients, and other special clinical conditions).
The immunity of the vaccine is maintained for a period of less than 12 months, which makes it necessary to vaccinate before the fall-winter period and revaccinate each year. The vaccine takes at least 15 days to produce protective antibodies - so the sooner the individual is vaccinated, the greater chance he / she will have to be protected, since virus may arrive before protection if vaccination is delayed. In addition, each flu season is different and the infection can affect people differently, so the importance of getting vaccinated as soon as possible.
Understand the disease
Flu is a respiratory system infection whose main complication is pneumonia, responsible for a large number of hospital admissions in the country. Influenza begins with a high fever, usually above 38 ° C, followed by muscle pain, sore throat, headache, and dry cough.
Fever is the most important symptom of influenza and lasts around three days . Respiratory symptoms, such as cough, become more evident with the progression of the flu and usually remain for three to four days after the disappearance of the fever. It is a very common disease throughout the world, it is possible for a person to get influenza several times throughout his life. Influenza is also often confused with other respiratory viruses and therefore, its definitive diagnosis is only made by specific laboratory examination.There are still no drugs that have shown good results in the fight against influenza and cold viruses. Therefore, the treatment is directed at relieving the symptoms of the flu. The main symptomatic drugs used are analgesics and antipyretics, which alleviates pain and fever.
However, beware: even over-the-counter medicines such as those prescribed for the flu can cause unwanted reactions. Only the health care provider can indicate the most appropriate medicine for each case.
The flu vaccine is the best way to avoid the flu and its complications. Each year, a new dose is required, since its composition is altered according to the type of virus most likely to spread. The influenza vaccine prevents about 70-90% of cases of influenza, but does not protect against other respiratory infections, such as the cold.
Adverse reactions to influenza vaccine that may occur are usually mild, such as: injection, fever and malaise, which last a day or two. There is evidence that who gets the vaccine every year develops greater resistance to the disease, so everyone who has had access to the vaccine should receive it annually. For the cold, there is still no vaccine available.
Brazilian scientists at the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) are responsible for an invention that can revolutionize drug initiatives: they have developed a vaccine against cocaine, which is being tested in animals. There is also a promise that the drug will end crack cocaine dependence. The researchers had as a stimulus the number of cocaine addicts in Brazil.
Many myths surround the migraine. The biggest one is that there is no treatment for the problem, that one must learn to live with it. Another is that migraine is treated with analgesics, that is, symptomatic, only at the time of crisis. This is an even more dangerous myth, as it often leads to self-medication and the overuse of painkillers, which actually make headache even more frequent.