Nausea in pregnancy? Know methods to avoid this nuisance and enjoy pregnancy
Nausea and vomiting usually occur between 5 and 18 weeks of pregnancy. From 50% to 90% of women have some degree of nausea, with or without vomiting. The severity of these symptoms may vary from woman to woman.
"Morning sickness" is the term often used to describe common mild nausea during pregnancy, while hyperemesis gravidarum is the term used to describe a more serious condition. It can cause vomiting several times throughout the day, weight loss, and usually requires treatment at the hospital.
Morning sickness X hyperemesis
Nausea and vomiting often start between five and six weeks of gestation. Symptoms are worse around nine weeks, and usually occur up to the eighteenth week of pregnancy at most.
However, symptoms continue into the third trimester in approximately 20% of women and up to 5% in women. Although mild pregnancy-related nausea is often referred to as morning sickness, a pregnant woman may feel sick at any time of the day and many women (80%) feel ill throughout the day.
Interestingly, women with mild nausea and vomiting during pregnancy suffer fewer miscarriages than women without these symptoms.
Hyperemesis gravidarum is the term used to describe more severe nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. Women with hyperemesis often vomit every day and may lose more than 5% of their pre-pregnancy body weight. In most cases, women with hyperemesis gravidarum will have to undergo blood and urine tests that may show dehydration.
Cause of nausea during pregnancy
The cause of nausea is unclear. Several theories have been proposed, although none have been definitively proven. Increased hormone levels, deceleration of stomach movement, and psychological factors are among the most common theories. Some women are more likely to have nausea and vomiting during pregnancy, including women who:
- Have developed these symptoms in a previous pregnancy;
-Has nausea and vomiting while taking estrogen (eg on birth control pills) or
When to seek help
Many women, especially those with mild to moderate nausea and / or vomiting, do not need emergency care in addition to routine prenatal visits for the treatment of nausea and vomiting . Seek help if you experience one or more of the following:
- Signs of dehydration such as dark urine or lightheadedness
-Vitamin several times throughout the day, especially if you notice blood in the vomit;
- Abdominal or pelvic pain and cramps>
- If you are unable to keep any food or drink in the stomach for more than 12 hours
- Weight loss
One or more tests may be recommended for investigate the causes and determine the severity of the nausea, including blood tests, urine and an ultrasound.
Treatment of nausea during pregnancy
The treatment of nausea and vomiting aims to help the future mother feel better and to eat and drink enough so that you do not lose weight and therefore do not harm the development of the fetus.
Try to eat before or as soon as you feel hungry to prevent the stomach from emptying, which can aggravate the nausea.
Treatment may not completely eliminate nausea and vomiting. You will probably need to try various types of treatment over the weeks before you find what works best for you. Fortunately, the symptoms usually disappear in mid-pregnancy, even if you do not use any type of treatment. In some cases hospitalization for hydration with serum is indicated.
Try to eat before or as soon as you feel hungry to prevent the stomach from emptying, which can aggravate nausea. Eating snacks often and making small meals, high in protein or carbohydrates and low in fat, and ingesting cold drinks in small amounts between meals also helps.
triggers The most important in these cases is to avoid odors, flavors, and other sensations that trigger nausea. Eliminate spicy foods and avoid lying down immediately after eating helps some women. Other examples of triggers include:
- Closed quarters;
-Orders (perfume, for example, chemicals, coffee, foods with strong odors, such as fried foods, smoke)
-Quality and humidity
-Very intense visual movement (eg blinking lights)
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