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Nausea, nausea and vomiting: what causes these discomforts and how to avoid them

Nausea, nausea and vomiting: what causes these discomforts and how to avoid them

Everyone has felt, at some point in their life, that malaise that may even evolve into a vomiting picture. The causes are varied: excessive alcoholic beverage, inadequate feeding, emotional problems, car trips and even a possible pregnancy. In many cases, nausea, nausea, and vomiting can be avoided with simple attitudes such as changes in eating habits, travel posture tips, and moving vehicles as well as medicines that relieve discomfort.

With the support of Apsen Pharmaceuticals, we invited the gastroenterologist Vitório Luis Kemp, a professor of gastroenterology at UNISA, and the otoneurologist Ricardo Dorigueto, specialist in Otorhinolaryngology by the Brazilian Association of Otorhinolaryngology and Cervicofacial Surgery, to clarify the main doubts about causes and treatments for nausea, nausea and vomiting and how to avoid them.

Check the main interview questions below or watch My Life Live in full on our Facebook page:

My Life: What is nausea? Is it the same as nausea? Vittorio Luis Kemp:

These complaints, such as pain, fever, nausea and vomiting, are an alarm from the body that something is not in harmony. These are complaints that you can take to the doctor to find out the cause. Nausea and nausea, in general, are synonymous. Usually, the term nausea is used more for women who are pregnant.

My Life: What are the most common causes of nausea, vomiting and nausea? Vittorio Luis Kemp: What is the most common cause of nausea and vomiting?

There are more than 300 cataloged causes. But the most common are diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and diseases of the vestibular system, represented by labyrinthitis. It is the two organs that most cause these symptoms. But there are many other causes, such as migraines and pancreatic diseases, as well as stomach ailments.

My Life: When nausea, sickness and vomiting become medical problems? Ricardo Dorigueto:

I think that starting From the moment the picture bothers the patient, he or she can seek medical help. After all, it has symptoms that can be from many different diseases, from very simple conditions, like those of the digestive tract, to more complex diseases, such as neurological ones. Even ordinary day-to-day situations, such as feeling sick inside a vehicle or reading a book, may indicate a problem. So, they are common symptoms for diseases that are often dangerous or just commonplace. You should always seek the doctor to make the diagnosis and have the best treatment.

Vittorio Luis Kemp: It is also important to note that nausea, nausea and vomiting are never a normal thing. Of course, if you overdo the Sabbath feijoada, for example, you may experience some symptoms of this type. Not that it's normal, but it's expected. The same goes for drinking too much soda, which has too much gas and extends the stomach.

Ricardo Dorigueto: Well, in the area of ​​otoneurology, the main information about the patient is the patient. nausea and vomiting are related to the triggering moments, ie when the person feels that nausea has started. Is it a commonplace, as I said, how to read a book in the vehicle? It is very important data that help the diagnosis of a very common disease, which is motion sickness.

The labyrinth is a movement sensor that captures the whole movement of the head, in the verticality or horizontality. And he confronts these received stimuli with what we are seeing on the outside of the car. If my legs are still, but my vision shows that I am moving, looking out the window, and my labyrinth feels the curves, all this creates a conflict of sensations. This conflict ends up triggering the symptoms, such as nausea, pallor, sweating, dizziness and vomiting, which warn the body that person has to leave that place.

My Life: You can not do nausea, nausea and vomiting without associating them to pregnancy. Are all pregnant women feeling sick or is it a myth? Vittorio Luis Kemp:

Not all, but statistics show that up to 90% of pregnant women will become sick. So, only a few have this privilege of not having the sensation. And it starts sometimes with those known morning sicknesses and is progressing as the pregnancy progresses, so that the pregnant woman feels the symptoms at different times.

My Life: What can be done to avoid pregnancy sickness?

Vittorio Luis Kemp: When it bothers you, we have to prescribe some medication. This actually serves for any cause of nausea and vomiting. You have two great parameters to observe when prescribing something: the patient's profile, with information like age, if it is a case of pregnancy, if there are other diseases; and the other is relative to the molecule, that is, how long it acts, if it is safe.

In pregnant as the symptom is often related to food, we ask that it take the medicine just before meals. In addition, she should prefer lighter food, such as soups and canjas without much seasoning, in small volumes and more times a day. This guarantees a very satisfactory control of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. My Life: Many people do not feel these discomforts in everyday life, but when they need to face a long journey they appear. Is there any way to avoid this type of symptom?

Ricardo Dorigueto: Motor sickness can be avoided, but not always. It will depend on who is driving. We can start with this tip: if you need to travel and have motion sickness, it is better to drive the vehicle without embarking as a passenger. If this option is not possible, there are some measures that help lessen the discomfort. If you go by plane or ship, choose the middle of the vehicle, looking forward, because so you give less stimulation of conflict between the eyes and the maze. Another tip is to eat lightly, avoiding fats and foods with alcohol. If you still feel nauseous, we can give another tip to the patient. In addition to looking forward, there is a point on the wrist, such as an acupuncture point, which it can press on and relieves dizziness and nausea in some cases. And when none of this works out, it has to be medicated.

An important thing for a patient who already knows that he is going to go wrong in situations like this is to seek the doctor and be medicated before boarding the vehicle. In addition, if he is the driver, he can never be medicated, because most of the remedies will cause drowsiness and prevent the person from driving well.

My Life: For the general patient, men and women, such as relieving a In general, speaking of gastrointestinal diseases, you may be on an upset stomach, with an ulcer or an illness of the reflux, so the diet is something. important. Foods that have too much fat make stomach motility difficult. So those who are already predisposed to suffer from it or feel these symptoms should avoid fatty foods because they will precipitate nausea, sickness and vomiting. In addition, it is important to avoid high volume of food and also the intake of liquids during meals, especially carbonated liquids. The way is to prioritize, always, light foods and more times per day.

Ricardo Dorigueto: There are three points that the patient should keep in mind to avoid these problems. Nausea and vomiting can come from the digestive tract, may come from the emotional part, as in the case of anxiety, and from the labyrinth. Therefore, it is important to avoid heavy foods, to control negative emotions that cause anxiety, and to avoid excessive head movements, so as not to further stimulate the labyrinth, especially in people who have labyrinthine diseases.

My Life: What are the main diseases that can have these problems or as symptoms or as a consequence?

Ricardo Dorigueto:

The most common, including gastrointestinal diseases, are pregnancy sickness and simple neurological diseases such as migraine, which is the most prevalent . It leaves the patient hypersensitive to light, sound and movements, transforming common situations into something nauseating, with the possibility of vomiting. In addition, we have labyrinth diseases, such as labyrinthitis and positional vertigo, and various other diseases that are caused by hormonal problems in the thyroid gland or ovary that stimulate the brain to excess and cause these symptoms.

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