Almost 25% of the Brazilian population suffers from hypertension
such as obesity, excessive sugar consumption and sedentary lifestyle, hypertension is a disease that affects about 24.8%. The data are from the Surveillance of Risk Factors and Protection for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Inquiry, released in 2015.
The study indicates that women account for 26% of cases, while men represent 22.5% of the number total. According to the analysis, the number of people with hypertension increases as the population ages, and among the less educated.
Furthermore, according to the research, the Brazilian population has a low perception about their salt intake, once that 47.9% of people believe that their habits are within an acceptable standard. About 2.3% acknowledge that they have a very high consumption of salt, while 13.2% admit to committing excesses in relation to salt consumption.
The research shows that factors such as alcohol consumption, obesity and sedentary lifestyle are some of the risk factors that can raise the indicators related to hypertension. In addition to excessive salt intake, fatty meats and excess sugar.
How to control hypertension
1. A practical and healthy habit: to ward off the danger of hypertension, bet on walks. A study by USP's Ribeirão Preto Medical School (FMRP) showed that walking reduces blood pressure in the first hour, and what is even better, that fall is maintained in the subsequent 24 hours. Regular physical activities, especially aerobic ones, contribute to the improvement of the entire circulatory and pulmonary system. Just be careful about exaggerations: before beginning any workout, seek a specialist and make an overall assessment.
2. Reduce (do not eliminate) salt: Excess salt in the diet leads to fluid retention, resulting in hypertension. So be careful when it comes to seasoning food and reducing the consumption of canned food and canned food. In addition, there is a good substitution today: dietary salt can be useful in the hypertensive diet, replacing part of the sodium chloride with potassium chloride - and in this, it is doubly beneficial, for reducing sodium and for adding potassium. a very important element in the prevention and treatment of hypertension. In addition to taking care of salt intake, those who already have high blood pressure should follow a balanced diet, favoring fruits and vegetables, lean meat, skimmed milk, grains and cereals. Losing measures: researchers at the Institute of Nutrition at UFRJ found that an evil, often overlooked, has a great influence on hypertension: the accumulation of fat in the waist. The indicator is a warning when measurements exceed 102cm for men and 88cm for women, because this abdominal fat doubles the chances of hypertension, heart attack and diabetes. To reduce fatty foods in food is worth including fruits, vegetables and vegetables. Cutting the meat is not necessary, but give preference to lean cuts such as filet mignon and muscle.
4. Drink in moderation: Reducing alcohol intake also helps control blood pressure, but abstinence is not necessary. Not to mention, the recommendation is as follows: alcoholic drink intake should be limited to 30g alcohol / day contained in 600ml beer (5% alcohol) or 250ml wine (12% alcohol) or 60ml of distillates (whiskey, vodka, brandy with 50% alcohol). This limit should be halved for men of low birth weight, women and overweight and / or high triglycerides.
5. Quench your cigarette: Tobacco, along with other toxic substances in your cigarette, puts pressure on you immediately, as well as compromising your overall health in the long run. "Stopping smoking is fundamental," says Ronaldo Rosa, professor of cardiology at Santa Casa de São Paulo. This is because cigarette nicotine boosts blood pressure - which does not mean that smoking cigarettes with low nicotine levels will greatly reduce the risk of heart disease.
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