ANVISA's new resolution helps people better choose food
Recently a new resolution from ANVISA has amended the Supplemental Nutrition Information (INC) rules for food packaging. The INC is the nutritional claim of the product, for example, if it is light, low in fat, high in fiber, source of vitamins, does not contain sugar, among others.
This new regulation aimed to adapt Brazilian standards to Mercosur rules, facilitate monitoring, and especially improve consumer access to important nutritional information on food labels. In this way, people can better choose the foods they are going to consume and the standardization of information does not lead the consumer to misunderstanding when comparing different brands of products.
Claims were made on the basis of 100 grams or 100 ml of the product and are now made according to the portion of the food. In this way, the information becomes clearer and according to the nutritional value table that is already calculated on the portion of the food.
For the light claim, the product should reduce by 25% the energy value (calories) or some nutrients, for example fats, sodium, cholesterol or sugar. In such cases, information on the amount of reduction of the nutrient in question or on the energy value should be conveyed. Example: use of the claim in sodium, followed by the information "minus 30% sodium".
Prior to this criterion, low energy or nutrient products could also be considered as lights without any reduction compared to a food of reference. For example, there could be a light turkey breast, without any calorie reduction compared to some other turkey breast. Or generate comparisons between different products like comparing mayonnaise with olive oil.
Already for a food to be considered a source or rich, it must present a minimum amount of that nutrient in the portion of the food ready for consumption. For example, to be a source of vitamins and minerals, the food must contain at least 15% of the daily value (DV) / serving and to be rich at least 30% of the DV / portion.
In addition, in the case of proteins , the food besides having to present at least 12 grams per serving to be considered rich, it still needs to meet the minimum amounts of essential amino acids. This is to ensure that the protein contained is of high nutritional value. And in the case of fibers, it will be important for the consumer to have more tools at the time of choice, since many products considered integral often have more refined ingredients that integrate and end up not containing an adequate amount of fibers. To be a source of fiber, the food must contain at least 2.5 grams of fiber / serving and to be rich at least 5 grams / serving. It is important to remember that not every food that has one of these nutritional claims is healthier than other. This is because nutritional properties are not mandatory on the packaging. In addition, a product may claim to be sugar free, but contain high levels of saturated fat, for example. Or be considered light in calories, but contain lots of sodium and artificial additives.
This type of confusion is very common among people who wish to lose weight.
Consuming only these products does not guarantee an adequate diet.
Consuming only these products does not guarantee adequate nutrition. It is imperative that the consumption of products with nutritional claim be made within a diet containing fresh foods, naturally rich in nutrients and phytochemicals and free of additives.
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