New rules have rendered assisted reproduction simpler
I would like to address in this article a topic that will be useful for several couples seeking to have a child through assisted reproduction. The Federal Council of Medicine (CFM) approved in January of this year changes in the rules of assisted reproduction in light of advances in science, increased demand for techniques and changes in social behavior. Late pregnancy is due to the growth of women in the labor market and the option for couples to have children later.
One of the highlights is the permission to perform procedures with cryopreserved biological material (kept under very low conditions temperatures) after the death of one of the parents, provided there is prior authorization for the use of frozen gametes or embryos. Preferably, with registry in registry.
The new rules helped same-sex couples and single people to use these methods to get pregnant
In addition to allowing the procedure after death, it was very difficult to get permission to use biological material from a person who had died. the possibility of more people benefiting from the techniques is a highlight of the new rules, as it is now clear that same-sex couples and single people can use these methods to get pregnant without going through all the bureaucracy and laws that delayed the entire legal process and discouraged the couple who sought to have a child.
In the case of female homosexual couples, it is necessary that sperm be obtained by donating on a sperm bank. And in the case of male homosexual couples, it is necessary to obtain an unknown donor egg. And gestation ("surrogacy") must occur in the womb of a close relative of one of the couple: sister or mother.
Another change is that which limits the number of embryos to be implanted at a time. The recommendation will depend on the patient's age and can not exceed four. The text states that women up to 35 years old can implant up to two embryos; from 36 to 39 years, up to three; above 40, four. The idea is to prevent cases of multiple pregnancy, which increase the chances of prematurity, as well as a high risk of hypertension, gestational diabetes and complications in childbirth.
Ethical guidelines remain, such as the prohibition of the reproduction techniques are applied with the intention of selecting sex or any biological characteristic of the future child. The resolution also reinforces the prohibition of embryonic reduction (implanting and then removing part of the embryos from the uterus), as well as donation of egg or sperm or uterus on a commercial basis.
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