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New cases of microcephaly and malformations caused by zika virus were reported.

New cases of microcephaly and malformations caused by zika virus were reported.

According to the producer Marcos Boulos, former director of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of São Paulo and coordinator of Disease Control of the Health Secretariat of São Paulo, Brazil is currently living the largest epidemic ever recorded in the world by Zika virus, as he stated in an interview with the Brazilian Public Space program.

The state of Pernambuco, the first to identify increase of microcephaly, continues with the highest number of suspected cases (1,236), which represents 35% of the total recorded in the whole country. Then there are the states of Paraíba (569), Bahia (450), Ceará (192), Rio Grande do Norte (181), Sergipe (155), Alagoas (149), Mato Grosso (129) and Rio de Janeiro The newsletter also brings the results of the laboratory investigation of four cases of deaths, occurring in Rio Grande do Norte, with congenital malformation, which had a relationship with the confirmed zika virus. These cases were being investigated by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which sent the results to the Ministry of Health.

Two such cases are miscarriages and two term newborns (37 to 42 weeks of age). gestation) who died within the first 24 hours of life. Samples were positive in the laboratory test of PCR for zika virus. In addition, tissue samples from both newborns were positive in the immunohistochemistry test performed by the CDC.

According to previous clinical-epidemiological investigations by the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), all four pregnant women presented with fever and rashes (vermilion by the body) during pregnancy. These results are in addition to the other evidence obtained in 2015 and reinforce the hypothesis of a relationship between zika virus infection and the occurrence of microcephaly and other congenital malformations. However, the Ministry reinforces the need to continue investigations and investigations to change the number of microcephaly and other malformations as a result of infectious processes.

Diagnosis of zika virus and care

Currently the circulation of Zika is confirmed by PCR test medium, with molecular biology technology. From the confirmation in a certain locality, the other diagnoses are done clinically, by medical evaluation of the symptoms.

To date, they are with autochthonous circulation of zika virus 20 units of the federation. They are: Federal District, Mato Grosso do Sul, Roraima, Amazonas, Pará, Rondônia, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Maranhão, Piauí, Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Bahia, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Paraná.

The Ministry of Health advises pregnant women to adopt measures that can reduce the presence of disease-transmitting mosquitoes, eliminate breeding grounds, and protect themselves from mosquito exposure, such as keeping doors and windows closed or and use repellents for pregnant women.

Text with information from Agência Saúde e Agência Brasil


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