New Treatment Helps Paraplegics To Recover Leg Movements Without Surgery
Injuries to the spinal column can be fatal, after all this body structure is responsible for taking the controls from the brain to the whole body. And even when these bruises do not kill, they can often lead to paralysis of the legs or even the arms as well. However, a new type of therapy, tested in the United States, has shown encouraging results for the recovery of this type of case, without the need for surgery. The results were published in the August issue of the Journal of Neurotrauma .
In this study, five men with lower limb paralysis for more than two years underwent 45-minute training sessions for 18 weeks . In these sessions, electrodes were placed in the lower back of these patients, transmitting a unique series of electrical currents, which did not cause any discomfort to patients.
At the beginning of the experiment, patients only moved their legs when the electrical stimulus was strong enough to cause unintended reactions. But over time, however, patients were asked to try to move their legs while these electrical stimuli were applied, which made the range of motion increase significantly.
In the last four weeks, it was also added treatment with buspirone twice daily. At the end of the study, men were able to move their legs without electrical stimulation, but they still needed to take buspirone. The movements had the same characteristics as when patients still received electrical stimulation.
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is located just in front of the lower part of the ear and allows movement of the lower jaw. It is a spherical joint, such as the hip or shoulder joint. When the mouth opens wide, the rounded part (called the condyle) leaves the cavity and moves forward, returning to its place when the mouth closes.
Results showed that more than two hours per day in front of the television increases the chances of developing type 2 diabetes and heart disease and, more than three hours, premature death. Every two hours more television per day, the risk of all these diseases rises to 20%, 15% and 13% respectively.