New treatment may offer hope for peanut allergy
Only those who have ever had a food allergy know how difficult this situation can be, a small amount of food is sufficient for the throat to close, face swell and the eyes and skin itch. Peanuts are considered the food that most causes suffocation in intolerants and also cause one of the deadliest food allergies.
According to an investigation conducted in 2016, it is estimated that at least 20,000 babies are diagnosed as allergic every year, only in the US and UK. However, Australian researchers may have finally found a cure for peanut allergy in children. A small clinical trial of 56 children conducted by the Murdoch Research Institute found that two-thirds of the group of children treated by experimental immunotherapy were cured of allergy. In addition, this desensitization remained in 70% of them until four years after the end of treatment.
The new allergy treatment combines a probiotic with oral immunotherapy, known as PPOIT. Instead of avoiding contact with the allergen (in this case peanut), the therapy inserts a peanut protein to reprogram the immune system responsible for the eventual development of food allergy. "These children have eaten peanuts without having to follow any specific program in the years following the completion of treatment, "said lead researcher Professor Mimi Tang. The study was published in the international medical journal Lancet Child & Adolescent Health.
For analysis, the researchers gave half the children the combination produced for the experimental treatment and another group received only placebo, both of which were administered once
At the end of the study, they found that 82% of children who received immunotherapy showed positive results, failing peanut reaction, compared with only 4% in the placebo group. After four years, the team again checked the progress with peanut allergy. The results showed that 70% of the participants had acquired long-term resistance, ie they were able to eat peanut-derived foods without any problem.
"This is a major step forward in identifying an effective treatment to solve the problem of food allergy in Western societies, "Tang said. However, new analyzes need to be performed to prove the efficacy of the treatment, so we will still need to wait for this "cure" to be offered to the public.
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