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Risk of obesity can be doubled in children born by caesarean section, says study

Risk of obesity can be doubled in children born by caesarean section, says study

Children born by cesarean section are twice as likely to be obese as those who came into the world through normal birth, according to research by the Boston Children's Hospital in Massachusetts (USA). The study was followed by 1,255 women with their infants between 1999> and 2002. Infants were measured and weighed at birth and when they reached three years. About a quarter had been delivered by caesarean section and the remainder by normal delivery. By analyzing the relationship between body mass, skin thickness and how the child was born, the researchers found that when children reach age three, the level of obesity is two times higher among those born by caesarean section. > According to the team, since the baby does not have contact with the maternal vaginal flora during cesarean delivery, the intestinal flora of the newborn can be compromised, causing changes in the way the food is digested. Experts say there are several differences in the composition of the bacterial flora of normal birth and cesarean delivery babies. They also found that women who underwent cesarean tended to weigh more than those who had normal birth - a trait that could influence the tendency toward obesity in their babies. Researchers say that deeper studies are needed to come to any conclusions more precisely. They also say that it would be necessary to replicate the results in a larger group of women to effect the cause-and-effect relationship. Protect your child from childhood obesity during pregnancy Already in pregnancy, a woman can promote prenatal programming of the child. Endocrinologist Alessandra Rascovski, an expert on My Life, explains that some factors during pregnancy can lead to structural and functional abnormalities that influence fetal weight and metabolism:

Malnutrition

Research shows that the chance of the baby developing obesity in adulthood it is 94% higher in the case of pregnant women with malnutrition than in women who have not suffered from the problem in pregnancy.

Mother feeding

"Being too fat during pregnancy may be worse for the baby than already being an obese woman who starts a gestation, "explains the endocrinologist Alessandra. According to the specialist, this is because the woman who gains a lot of weight during pregnancy passes some type of neurological message to the fetus, signaling that it should store more fat.

Diabetes

Women with diabetes are also a risk factor for childhood obesity and for the development of diabetes in adulthood. Hypoglycaemia of the mother can greatly stimulate the child's pancreas to secrete larger amounts of insulin, which promotes greater formation of adipose cells.

Smoking

Although it is widely reported that smoking during pregnancy can increase the chance of childbirth preterm infants and low birth weight infants, several studies have shown that children whose mothers smoked in pregnancy had an approximately 50% increase in risk for obesity when compared to children of non-smoker mothers. "So the best way to take care of your baby is to take care of your own health," says Alessandra Rascovski.


Drag queen creates project to help children with cancer

Drag queen creates project to help children with cancer

There are several ways to be supportive and can even transform lives. The young Dackson Mikael de Sousa Rodrigues, 25, has already overcome difficulties and suffered much prejudice, but he did not let himself be shaken and decided to help the next. For four years he has lived as Chandelly Kidman, one of the best known drag queens in the country, and amidst performances on the night stages and events began to participate in a social project that helps children with cancer in a hospital in Teresina.

(Family)

8 Ways to Help Your Child Lose Weight and Get Healthier

8 Ways to Help Your Child Lose Weight and Get Healthier

Every parent wants the best for their child, so habit changes are so important when there is a diagnosis of overweight or even childhood obesity. But when that happens, it's hard to stop and think about where to start. What to do to help a child in this situation? Three children eating a huge slice of watermelon - "Photo: Getty Images" To help, we have gathered tips from experts on the subject.

(Family)