Non-Cerebral Aneurysms: Understand Major Symptoms and Consequences
Aneurysm is a dilation that occurs in the arteries or veins due to weakening of the vessel wall with the aging of the organism. Aneurysms are characterized by localized and permanent dilation of a vessel, corresponding to 50% of the diameter (1.5 x) of the normal proximal caliber of the vessel.
Contrary to popular belief, aneurysms do not only occur in the brain . We may have more frequently aneurysms in the aorta artery, in the lower limbs in the femoral and popliteal arteries. In the veins they are less important, but they are more frequent in the popliteal vein, which is of the deep system, and also in the superficial veins like the saphenous vein.
The causes are multiple, standing out genetic factors, presence of atherosclerosis in the vessel wall , inflammatory diseases, smoking, poorly controlled hypertension and age; the more the years pass, the more the vessel wall weakens.
In superficial veins are usually found under examination and most of the time the patient has varicose veins and both are treated simultaneously during surgery. The problem is more important in the arterial territory, because in these cases the early diagnosis is fundamental. The best method for aneurysm screening is ultrasound, which is easy to perform, inexpensive, and affordable.
Complications of non-cerebral aneurysms
The major problem with aneurysms is that they can evolve silently, cause no complaint or symptom. However, when they grow they can produce compression of adjacent structures and, in such cases, depending on the structure that is compressed, we may have lower limb swelling and pain. The main complication of aneurysms is rupture. If the aneurysm ruptures, depending on the size of the vessel, we may have a large hematoma, circulation deficiency, internal hemorrhage and, if delayed, death. The treatment of the ruptured aneurysm is a medical emergency, which is why it is very important, if suspected, to make the diagnosis, follow-up and treatment, if necessary, before it can complicate it.
Basic clinical treatment consists of cessation of smoking, use of medications to control cholesterol and triglycerides, effective control of arterial hypertension and monitoring of vessel growth with ultrasound at specified times.
When the aneurysm already has indication for surgical treatment, it can be done by endovascular techniques in selected cases, being little invasive and with rapid reestablishment, which is why we reinforce the idea that, if there are cases in the family, it is very important to take a proactive approach and to seek an angiologist, who can make an early diagnosis and maintenance of their vascular health.
Issues related to female empowerment and gender equality have been widely commented on today. However, when we talk about a woman's sexual behavior, it is possible to realize that there are still many taboos and barriers to be overturned. This fact can be seen in a survey on sexual behavior commissioned by the Olla condom brand.
Have you ever felt pain in the soles of your feet in the morning? This is one of the most common complaints that leads many people to doctors' offices for help. There are pictures in which the person can not even touch his foot on the floor, size is the nuisance. But how does this problem arise? How to treat it?