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Nose, ear and throat are treated by the otolaryngologist

Nose, ear and throat are treated by the otolaryngologist

As a first contribution to this portal, I would like to start by introducing my specialty: Otorhinolaryngology. This is the branch of medicine that looks after the nose, sinuses, ears and throat. The latter (throat) corresponds, in fact, to two organs: the pharynx and the larynx.

If we were to be more detailed, then the full name of the specialty should be "Otorhinolaryngology". But then no patient would come to us because no one could repeat that name when it came to making appointments, and it would not fit in our medical stamps. In English-speaking countries, the otolaryngologist is even better known as ENT

Doctor (ENT being the acronym for Ear, Nose and Throat , that is to say, , ear, nose and throat doctor, which facilitates public understanding. Otorhinolaryngology takes care of some of the functions and senses of the human body that are most important to a healthy life: smell, speech, breathing, Hearing and Balance

In times where sub-specialization in medicine, it becomes an exception to find a specialist who deals with so many organs at the same time, such as the otorhinolaryngologist. However, this is unlikely to change, such is the interconnection between these structures.

To have a sample of this, just get cooled: the nose begins to flow, the ears are covered, the throat hurts. We soon realize that "it is all one thing", or at least very closely related.

This is because, in fact, there is a direct communication between these organs, but mainly because the mucosa that covers them from the inside is very similar , almost a continuum.

Thus, it is very common for an inflammation of the nose to extend through the mucosa of the sinuses, pharynx, larynx and even the middle ear. The same does not occur so easily in the transition between the larynx and the trachea (and from there to the bronchi and lungs), much less between the pharynx and the esophagus.

Although they are contiguous structures, the mucosa characteristics already present greater differences , which helps contain any inflammation. This explains why colds do not progress to pneumonia very often or because pharyngitis does not end in esophagitis.

More than taking care of inflammation - the famous rhinitis, sinusitis, pharyngitis and otitis; which will be the subject of other articles - otolaryngology takes care of some of the functions and meanings of the human body that are most important for a healthy life: smell, speech, breathing, hearing and balance. Ensuring the proper functioning of these five functions properly summarizes the main purpose of otolaryngology. As with almost all the functions of our body, and with many things in our life in general, we value them only when we lose it or function properly. We only notice the importance of breathing well through the nose, for example, when it is clogged (there is a maxim in otorhinolaryngology that says "Only those who breathe through the nose are happy"). Hearing is another good example. It may be even more important than the vision for the socialization of the individual, but we attach little importance to its preservation (I will return to the subject in the future).

Finally, it is worth noting that in Medicine, as important as treating diseases is preventing them. And in otorhinolaryngology, this is no different. This is a fertile specialty in simple measures that can give more health to your nose, ears and throat. But it is also an area full of myths and popular concepts without scientific foundations. Prevention will also have a prominent place in our articles. Until next time!


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