Obesity and overweight: what you can do to avoid them
Obesity is a chronic condition characterized by excess fat accumulated in the body. Obesity is diagnosed by a population parameter measure called Body Mass Index (BMI). The Body Mass Index is a formula used to measure obesity adopted by the World Health Organization (WHO). For example, if your weight is 80 kg and your height is 1.80, the formula will be:
BMI (BW) = weight in kg (80) / height in cm (1,80) x height in cm (1,80)
BMI = 80 ÷ 3,24
BMI = 24,69
See the tables below
BMI Table for Women
- below 19 Normal
- 19 to 23.9 Lightweight
- from 24 to 28, 9 Moderate obesity
- 29 to 38.9 Severe or morbid obesity
- over 39 BMI Table for Men
- below 20 Normal
- from 20 to 24.9 Light weight
- 25 to 29.9 Moderate obesity
- 39 to 39.9 Severe or morbid obesity
- over 40 Why worry about obesity?
Both overweight and obesity put the heart in a situation of real "pressure". This high overload on the heart muscle, which originates from obesity, can increase the possibility of serious diseases such as: -
- HEART DISEASES
- HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
- SPILLS (cerebrovascular accident)
- VESICLE CALCULATIONS?
- ALMOST ALL TYPES OF CANCER
- PREMATURE DEATH
In addition to obesity can also complicate medical treatments.
What Causes Obesity?
A obesity is extremely complex and is not just a problem of willpower or self-control. They are usually caused by a combination of overeating, lack of exercise, and hereditary genetic factors.
Overweight and obesity occur when over time, the body ingests more calories than it consumes. However, there are some people who increase fat weight more easily than others. Obesity can also be caused by a hormonal imbalance.
How to treat obesity?
There is no magic pill, but there are effective treatments that help to improve this condition. Appropriate treatment is one that is long-term with a combination of: balanced diet, increased physical activity, and lifestyle changes.
In some cases, medical follow-up is advised to evaluate the best treatment. , the key to weight control is to balance the energy intake (food intake) and the amount of calories our body consumes (physical activity).
Spending more calories than consuming
Physical exercise is a fundamental way to do this. When you exercise regularly, you strengthen your muscles, your muscle cells start to spend more energy, and over time, your body will work more efficiently, becoming a good "calorie burner" (or scientifically, an increase in the metabolic rate basal) that results in weight loss.
For this step towards a gold health to happen in the best possible way, initially it is fundamental to know the degree of obesity (or overweight) and care for the appropriate prescription of physical activity. In this case, a Physical Education professional will do his / her specific physical assessment (including fat percentage and nutritional analysis) in order to determine and prescribe the best exercises respecting the individuality of each person. It's never late to start. You can and will get a healthier and happier life, just start!
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