Obesity is more common among people living in the same household
The incidence of obesity is highest among people living in the same social setting, says a study by anthropologists at Arizona State University. According to scholars, obesity spreads among friends and relatives.
To reach this conclusion, they interviewed 101 women and 812 of their closest friends and relatives. After the interviews, they compared the body mass index of these participants to that of their acquaintances. According to the study's authors, all the theories to explain why this phenomenon happens have to do with the shared idea about obesity. The researchers found that the risk of obesity increases if the person's network of contacts is more obese. what is the proper weight of people. If your friends think that a certain weight is acceptable, you change your habits to achieve that goal, even if you do not agree with them, because you end up feeling pressured. Or you can form a notion of proper weight by observing the bodies of your friends and relatives, which ultimately changes your eating habits and exercises.
The strongest influence factor was observation, according to the researchers. Even so, their action is limited. Other factors such as eating and exercising in a group may be more important than the mechanisms analyzed.
8 questions that uncover obesity
Although this is an individual clinical condition, as a serious and growing public health problem. Excess weight predisposes the body to a number of problems, such as cardiovascular disease, sleep apnea, high blood pressure and changes in circulation.
Check out 8 key questions on the topic:
1) How to define obesity?
Obesity can be defined as a body mass index (BMI) above 25. When this index is above 40, it is defined as morbid. This number is obtained by dividing the weight in kilograms by the height in meters squared. Undoubtedly, obesity can be considered a disease and, in the current day, an epidemic that will only increase. Preventive treatment is the best solution. Bariatric surgery has been presented as the best solution for cases of morbid obesity.
2) What causes obesity?
Among the causes, the following stand out the genetic, environmental factors (personal and family habits), population habits, religion, socioeconomic factors, compulsion or depression, among others. However, there are insufficient data to measure the influence of each aspect, since the issue is multifactorial.
3) How to identify when obesity is caused by psychological disorders?
without apparent cause may be related to psychological or hormonal disorders.
4) Can we say that there is the best treatment for obesity?
The correct evaluation by a competent doctor is the best option, which may indicate the appropriate treatment for the patient's profile, according to the related factors, identified by examinations and consultation. We can not talk about the best treatment, but always think about prescribing one in view of the conditions of the person. Every case is a case, always.
5) What are the most common physical problems caused by obesity?
The problems triggered by obesity are numerous, ranging from physical limitation to basic work and locomotion to more serious disorders such as increased cholesterol, triglycerides and blood pressure, diabetes, gout (elevation of uric acid in the blood), arthrosis, coronary artery disease (heart disease), kidney failure, nocturnal sleep apnea, hepatic steatosis (fatty degeneration of the liver ), glandular insufficiencies, among others.
6) What disease of greater risk can obesity cause in an individual?
Syndrome X or Metabolic Syndrome, which is constituted by hypertension, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia and insulin resistance.
7) How should treatment be to control this disease and diabetes?
Treatment should be based on a hypocaloric diet - defined in partnership with a nutritionist -, physical activity, weight-reduction surgery - when indicated - and prescription of medications when necessary.
8) How can the gastric surgeon and the endocrinologist work together to treat obese patients?
The treatment of an obese individual should be multidisciplinary, including cardiologists, nutritionists, psychologists and other professionals, according to the clinical picture.
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