Obesity may increase incidence of acid reflux
Food Prevents Reflux
According to the gastro-surgeon Vladimir Schraibman, the type of food is one of the factors that cause reflux. Also, being overweight is also an important triggering factor of the problem because it entails a weakening of the valve that prevents reflux. But other than obesity, other events that increase the intra-abdominal pressure can cause this disorder, such as pregnancy, ascites (accumulation of fluid inside the abdomen, known as watery belly), people who are very constipated and have to do a lot of force to evacuate; hernia, and motor alterations of the esophagus or the gastroesophageal sphincter.
According to Ministry of Health data, it is estimated that 12% of the Brazilian population suffers from gastroesophageal reflux, which corresponds to approximately 4.5 million of Brazilians. In most patients, reflux occurs spontaneously through the transient relaxation of the Lower Esophageal Sphincter, a physiological barrier that prevents gastric acids from leaving the stomach. The lesion of the esophageal mucosa is related to the quality, quantity and frequency of reflux. A gastric acid fluid with a pH less than 3.9 is extremely caustic to the mucosa, the main agent being harmful in most cases. In some patients, reflux of biliary and pancreatic secretions may contribute to the lesion.
A study last Monday (26) by researchers at the Polaris Observatory of the Center for Disease Analysis in the United States revealed a drastic worldwide scenario regarding the HPV virus. The study shows that by 2016 about 300 million people were infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) worldwide, at a prevalence of 3.
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