Occasional smokers 9 times more likely to die from cancer
Occasional smoking or only one cigarette per day are also at an increased risk of premature death compared to those who have never smoked. The study, conducted by researchers at the National Cancer Institute of the United States (NCI), examined the health of 290,000 Americans aged 59-82 over the course of their lives.
Among investigated individuals, 22,337 (7.7%) smokers, 156.405 (54%) were former smokers and 111,473 (38.4%) had never smoked. Among smokers, 159 reported smoking less than one cigarette per day on average during their lifetime, and about 1,500 reported consuming between one and ten cigarettes per day. P>
The article, published in the medical journal JAMA Internal Medicine, found that smoking a cigarette or less on average per day during life increases the risk of premature death by 64%, and the number rises to 87% among individuals who smoke from one to ten cigarettes per day. "The results of this study confirm the effectiveness of tobacco warnings and the fact that there is no risk-free (consumer) level, "said Maki Inoue-Choi, director of NCI's Division of Cancer Epidemiology and lead author of the paper. data showed that people who smoke less than one cigarette a day are 9 times more likely to die from lung cancer. People who smoke between one and 10 cigarettes per day have a multiplied risk per 12 and, moreover, are 6 times more likely to die from respiratory diseases and 1.5 times more likely to have cardiovascular disease. were similar between men and women. However, the study has some limitations, the majority of participants were white, leaving out the blacks and other groups that indicated the highest smoking for decades.
According to the study, smokers who quit smoking had a decreased risk of mortality compared to those who continued to smoke, and when younger smokers quit, the risk was also minimized.
The study underscores the importance of questioning the health effects of occasional smokers. "We call them smokers who are happy: they think they control the health risks, even if we tell them that any dose of tobacco is bad," says Esteve Fernández, a researcher at the Catalan Institute of Oncology
Smoking is considered by the Organization World Health Organization (WHO) the leading cause of preventable death worldwide. It is responsible for approximately 4.9 million annual deaths, which corresponds to more than 10,000 deaths per day.
This Friday (3) is World Hearing Day. The date was created by the WHO as a way to draw attention to prevention and care related to hearing; For many people the possibility of listening to the surrounding sounds goes unnoticed, but having the chance to hear the voice of who we love and the sound that surrounds us is a privilege.
A study published in Hypertension: Journal of the American Heart Association points out that people who suffer from apnea while sleeping have changes in blood vessels similar to those of people with high blood pressure. The investigations were based on the functional changes of the blood vessels of 108 individuals, 36 of whom were victims of moderate or severe apnea and without high blood pressure; 36 without apnea, but with high pressure and 36 without high pressure and without apnea.