Out of three alcohol abusers, one becomes dependent
The survey was conducted with 5,037 people in the metropolitan area of São Paulo and, according to scholars, once the abuse is identified, it is easier to reverse the process before it develops for a dependency, raising the chances of changing the pattern of alcohol consumption.
According to the researchers, when there is still no dependency, the very restrictive measures are not the best. The Brazilian has a consumption pattern known internationally as "party drinking", which means drinking in excessive quantities only at parties or weekends. However, this abusive behavior may extend to other days of the week, getting out of control.
Why does excessive drinking cause so much damage?
To understand how drinking alcohol can cause damage to so many parts of the body. our body, we must explain the process of metabolizing alcohol or ethanol, that is, how our body absorbs, metabolizes and excretes this substance. p> Ana Cecilia explains that the organ responsible for metabolizing alcohol is the liver, which only metabolizes one serving of alcohol per hour on average - understand a dose like a can of beer (360ml), a glass of wine (100ml) or distillate (40ml).
Ana Cecilia explains that the organ responsible for metabolizing alcohol is the liver, which only metabolizes one serving of alcohol per hour on average - understand a dose like a can of beer (360ml), a glass of wine (100ml) or distillate (40ml).
So if we take six cans of beer, for example, our liver will take the same six hours to metabolize all the alcohol present in our body. "And while the liver metabolizes the first can, the rest of the alcohol keeps circulating in the blood and intoxicating, causing changes and damage to different organs," explains Ana Cecília.
When we drink a beer or a caipirinha, the alcohol is soon absorbed by our gastrointestinal system. It irritates the mucous membranes of the esophagus and stomach, altering the membranes of the intestine, impairing absorption.
The results can be esophagitis, gastritis and even diarrhea. In the liver, alcohol will alter the production of enzymes, increasing this set of substances that will be responsible for metabolization.
"It is as if alcohol forces the work of the liver, which is overloaded," says Ana. is now producing more enzymes to metabolize ethanol and this culminates with chronic inflammation and alcoholic hepatitis, and can progress to cirrhosis. "Another organ affected by excess alcoholic beverages is the pancreas, responsible for the manufacture of insulin and digestive enzymes. Alcohol can cause an inflammation in the pancreas, and this inflammation can progress to pancreatitis.
Pancreatitis is a disease that causes a strong and sudden abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting and fever. The treatment is done in hospitals and includes medications for pain and antibiotics.
Central nervous system
When we abuse alcoholic beverages, the nervous system, ie our brain is affected shortly after the intake of the second dose. Men present changes in perception of reality and behavior shortly after the second dose, and women already in the first.
According to the specialist Ana Cecilia, the symptoms resulting from the presence of alcohol in the nervous system are: attention problems, loss of recent memory, loss of reflex, loss of the critical judgment of reality. With increased dose, somnolence, anesthesia and, in the highest degree, the alcoholic coma. "9 Coma is a degree of severe intoxication by the direct action of ethanol in the central nervous system and other organic systems," says Ana Cecilia. When this happens, it is very important to seek medical help. If the body can not recover from the coma, there may be a respiratory arrest, which can lead to death.The reversal of the framework includes general measures for life maintenance, ranging from oxygenation, hydration, correction of blood glucose, magnesium and zinc, among other care that may vary from case to case.
Kidneys are responsible for the final filtration of ethanol, of only 6% of the substance. But when we abuse drinks, ethanol alters the kidneys' ability to filter out substances in our body, causing a change in the hormones that control blood pressure, which culminates in high blood pressure.
As blood passes by the lungs to effect gas exchange, nor is this organ free from the effects of alcohol. "Ethanol leaves gas exchanges slower, because the lungs get very dirty blood," says Ana Cecilia.
The result is slower breathing, making the person feel difficult to breathe. This is also why the breathalyzer captures the alcohol ingested, which is still circulating.
Ingestion of alcoholic beverages favors the release of dopamine into the brain. This neurotransmitter hormone is responsible for regulating other substances that in turn regulate the cardiovascular system.
This means a possible change in blood pressure, heart rate and then blood vessels. Tachycardia and hypertension are the most common consequences.
It is the central nervous system that is responsible for moving our muscles. Abead's medical specialist explains that in addition to the central alteration caused by alcohol, which leaves the messages that reach the muscles slower, the peripheral nerve connections are compromised, and the sensation is relaxing.
No one escapes of the action of ethanol and therefore the glands also have their products, in the case the hormones, altered. However, it is people who already have hormonal alteration diseases, such as diabetes, who feel the most physical damage from drinking alcoholic beverages.
In addition to all the complications that alcohol causes while the individual is still is intoxicated and intoxicated, it still leaves its effect for the next day, the famous hangover. Among the symptoms of hangover are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, shuffling thought, drowsiness and even a feeling of sadness.
Alcohol abuse is different from alcoholism
As previously said, alcohol abuse is when the person drinks in large quantities and has problems, but is not dependent.
Alcoholism is the chronic disease, addiction to drink. And the consequences are individual for both abusers and dependents.
The compromised organs and systems are the same as mentioned above, but when the problems appear, the complications are much more severe and often irreversible. Among the diseases that can arise from alcoholism are chronic gastritis, chronic hepatitis that can progress to cirrhosis, high blood pressure, diabetes due to chronic alteration in the functioning of the pancreas and memory problems that can progress to alcoholic dementia - not only when it is under the effects of drink, as is the case of abuse. In addition, alcohol also alters immunity, paving the way for the emergence of other diseases.
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