One in three Brazilians blame the woman for rape
Every 11 minutes a woman is raped in Brazil, totaling an average of 50,000 cases reported annually, according to data from the Brazilian Forum of Public Security - FBSP. However, these are only the cases that come to the attention of the police, equivalent to 10% of the real number: the Institute of Applied Economic Research (Ipea) points out that the total amount of cases of sexual abuse should reach almost 500 thousand annually.
What makes this context even more frightening is that, according to a recent survey released by Datafolha, commissioned by the FBSP, one in three Brazilians attribute the victim of sexual violence to the victim.
When asked about the phrase "A woman who wears provocative clothes can not complain if she is raped, "30% of respondents, both men and women, agreed with the statement. The index rises among people over 35 years of age, the elderly and people with lower levels of schooling. Geographically, the highest percentage of participants who agreed to the phrase comes from the Northern region, corresponding to 38%.
Regarding the phrase "Women who give themselves to respect are not raped", 47% of men agreed and 32% of women also, totaling 37% of the study participants. The proportion of people who agreed was lower among adolescents and adolescents with higher levels of schooling. The South region was the one that presented the greatest disagreement of the phrase, representing 30%.
The survey counted on the participation of 3,625 people from the 16 years, living in 217 municipalities, being held between the 1st and 5th of August. The survey has a margin of error of two percentage points for more or less.
In text published next to the study, it is pointed out that the population still considers women responsible for sexual abuse for not having the "appropriate" behavior. "This thought comes from a socially constructed discourse, which considers that if the woman is the victim of some sexual aggression it is because it has somehow provoked this situation", affirms the text of the survey.
The survey also found that 85% of women interviewed are afraid of rape, especially among adolescents and young people in the North and Northeast of the country.
Among men, the rate falls to 46%. Nine out of ten residents of the Northeast suffer from sexual violence, and in the North this percentage reaches 87.5%. The study found that fear of rape affects the physical and mental health of direct victims, limiting their decisions and their full development potential and freedom. P>
The survey also found that 50% of respondents considered the Military Police unprepared for such cases and 42% said the same about the Civil Police. For 53% of respondents, Brazilian law protects rapists in some way. "Although in reality the women's police station does not always offer a welcoming place for victims of violence, it is the most well-known service for women in case of violence, "reports the research. It is also emphasized in the text that "taking a rape complaint seriously does not mean summarily condemning the suspect, but rather receiving the victim, listening to him, giving credibility to his report and seeking, through due investigation, the proper elucidation of the case"
The research concludes by stating that it is necessary to break the taboos and blockades that exist about sexual violence, just as it was done with domestic violence. This is because these barriers make it unfeasible to deal with fundamental issues regarding the care of victims.
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