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Only 13% of patients with hypertension follow adequate diet

Only 13% of patients with hypertension follow adequate diet

A survey of the Heart Institute of the Hospital das Clínicas (InCor) indicates that only 13.5% of patients with hypertension can follow the diet required to control blood pressure. The study was conducted with 949 patients from the city of São Paulo.

Urine tests were performed to verify that individuals did not exceed recommended amounts of salt - at most 6 grams per day. Analysis of the results indicated that only a small percentage ingesting salt amounts within the recommend.

According to the researchers, there was a difference between what the patients reported ingesting and what they actually ingest from the seasoning. This could have happened because individuals were accustomed to consuming large amounts of salt and a small reduction would already mean being in the standards, when, in fact, it still extrapolated the recommended one.

Luiz Bortolotto, director of the InCor Hypertension Clinical Unit , warns that excessive salt intake may contribute to the onset of high blood pressure, especially in people with a family history of the disease. Hypertension increases, according to the doctor, the risk of stroke, "which is the leading cause of death in Brazil." In addition, uncontrolled pressure also raises the possibility of infarction and renal failure - consequences that can be avoided. "For this, it is fundamental that the hypertensive ones know their condition and they are in treatment during the whole life", emphasizes the doctor

Substitutes of the salt leave the food healthier

Keep the salt away from the plate or by the less decreasing the amounts of it in the recipes may be easier than you might think. The substitution of the mineral by other natural seasonings gives a new taste to the preparations and also promotes a wave of good health. "Natural seasonings or seasonings improve the taste, aroma and appearance of prepared foods," explains nutritionist Maíra Malta, from Unesp. Therefore, check out a few seasonings that help you stay away from salt.

Garlic and Onion

"Garlic helps lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels, while onions inhibit the action of some bacteria and fungi harmful to our body and decreases the risks of thrombosis and atherosclerosis, "says the specialist. Salvia also helps to prevent some types of cancer, such as lung, stomach, prostate and liver.

Salvia

"Salvia is indicated in cases of lack of appetite, edema, affections of the mouth, cough and bronchitis. It looks great with masses and birds, "says Maíra Malta. Salvia can be used both in powder and whole leaves.

Rosemary

The plant gives a light and special taste when used in the preparation of red meat or fish. In rice and soups is a good order too, perfuming the dish and the kitchen. "Rosemary does well because it fights the flu virus and prevents diseases of the kidneys, retina, and cataracts."

Peppers

The burning taste is due to capsaicin, a curative antioxidant. "In addition to preventing some types of cancer and reducing bad blood LDL, pepper also speeds up metabolism and therefore helps in weight loss."

Saffron

In addition to providing a pleasant taste, leaves the plate more colorful, with a yellowish tone. Much used in Mediterranean cooking, the condiment has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that improve digestion.

Ginger

"Ginger has properties that fight against headache, nausea and nausea. thermogenic, ginger raises the body's temperature, forcing the body to expend more energy, "teaches nutritionist Maira.


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