Optimism: Learn to play on this team and reap the benefits
Have you ever wondered if optimism has the place it deserves in your life? We know this theme is a little controversial. There is the class that thinks it is nothing more than "idle talk" of self-help books, while another believes that this feeling is rather an essential ingredient for leading a healthier life. But what exactly is an optimistic person? "She is the one who has the internal disposition to see the good side in everything and always believes in a solution favorable to any situation", defines the psychologist Sylvia Sabbato specialist in psychodrama. "Optimism also manifests itself in the way one has to face adversity, and everything one sees or passes through life is filtered by this optimistic state of being." Images
Science is trying to explain the real influence of optimism on our lives. Research published in
Current Directions in Psychological Science suggests that good thoughts can be a powerful antidote to stress, pain, and disease. According to the researchers, there are several avenues through which a positive attitude can delay the onset of health problems. For example, happier people may have a more proactive attitude towards aging, and so exercise regularly. According to the survey, these people can also avoid unhealthy behaviors such as smoking. And why could this be considered bad? Those who criticize affirm that optimism is usually part of an illusion of "perfect life" becoming, in turn, a kind of escape from reality. Beneficial optimism can not be an erroneous view that everything is perfect and there are no problems. It must be based on what is real. Not in the way: "I'll have money, I'll just want it with the power of positive thinking or something of the sort." Optimism must be a positive way of facing problems within real possibilities. "Otherwise, it's really an escape, a defense mechanism," says psychologist Samia Maluf. In the opinion of the specialist optimism is a very beneficial way, in every way: emotional, mental and organic.
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Who is an optimist?
Optimism is a characteristic of a person . For those who have it, it is natural to have positive and favorable thoughts. An example of who lives like this? "The optimistic person watches the news and his attention, selective cognitive quality, turns to the good aspects of the news," explains the specialist Sylvia Sabbato. For example, instead of focusing attention on people who cry, who have lost their belongings with the rains, they focus their attention on volunteers and the beauty of solidarity.
Do not be discouraged if you are not at all. Optimism can be exercised. The person who is learning to have this trait may also choose to focus his attention on the positive aspects of a news, his country and his life. "All of us are going through unfavorable times and the optimist as well." But fortunately, he feels more comfortable in the face of adversity, for optimism directly affects another very important characteristic we are currently experiencing: resilience (a term borrowed from physics by psychology, which means the ability to return to the previous emotional state after a painful, traumatic or unpleasant experience), "concludes Sylvia.
optimism - photo Getty Images
Optimists live longer
Positive thinking is an ally of longevity. Recent studies by the University of Kentucky and Yale in the United States have found that optimistic people have a longer life expectancy and can live about 6 to 10 years longer than negative people. Do you want to enjoy these benefits? Psychologist Sylvia Sabbato says that for this, it would be necessary to learn to be optimistic. Those who do not have this characteristic as a genetic or psychological family inheritance can learn to be optimistic by imitating the examples, living with optimistic people and even submitting to psychological treatments.Another study published in the Journal of the American Psychological Association concluded that optimistic older people have less physical decline and stay healthier for longer than those who do not. It is important to cultivate this style of seeing life in this age group, mainly because it generates good emotions and favors new ideas.
"The elderly person who has good emotions feeds projects for the elderly, even if the project is" having an old age happy. "Again, the process of releasing healthy substances into the body through the immune, physiological and endocrine systems, acting directly on physical health, thus providing a delay in the physical decline of these elderly people," explains Sylvia Sabbato. A survey published in the scientific journal
shows that optimism in young people protects against depression because it gives more self-confidence and diminishes negative thoughts. During adolescence, an area of the brain responsible for pleasure, called the "reward system", is diminished (from 11 years in girls, and 13 in boys), so that they become disinterested in children's issues and seek more mature themes. This is what causes the famous teenage boredom. "It is very important that optimism, the feeling that everything is going to work out, is present in the lives of these young people. This is, beyond biological maturation and family life, that will ensure that the young person does not get involved with drugs, alcohol "says psychologist Sylvia Sabbato.
According to the neuropsychiatrist Paulo André Issa, optimism is one of the weapons to fight against depression and also to prevent it. it, because it avoids the stress that is one of the main precursors of this disease. However, the specialist points out that it can not be said that only optimism will guarantee that depression will not develop because the disease is multifactorial. In order to develop this picture, there is the interference of several causes, among them the genetic influence.
Protect against cardiovascular diseases
Optimism is also a friend of the chest. The Delfland Institute of Mental Health in the Netherlands has found that the optimistic class are less likely to die from cardiovascular disease. According to the cardiologist of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology, Edmar Santos, the mechanisms of the influence are not very clear, but they are not very clear, however, it is known that depressive individuals, and therefore, in a more pessimistic state in relation to life, have worse clinical outcomes (more death and myocardial infarction) in any previous condition (postoperative saphenous surgery, post angioplasty or even without apparent heart disease). It is believed that there are neurohormonal reasons related to depressive individuals, such as: reduction of serotonin (the well-being hormone), increase of cortisol (the stress hormone), of the stress substances (catecholamines), and of insulin that causes fatigue, lack of energy, irritability, and an increase in heart rate and blood pressure. we must move towards more consistent answers. Last year, the American Heart Association asked clinical cardiologists to do a quick investigation into their appointments to identify depressives, who would have a higher risk of heart attack. It's something to be researched more thoroughly and carefully, "concludes the cardiologist.
What is commitment? For us specialists, it is, above all, to be attentive to your tasks, to realize how much you give yourself to a certain situation, to be willing to dedicate yourself body and soul to a certain goal. And for this, you need some actions so that you do not lose focus or get discouraged right away on the first difficulty: -Always be ready to overcome adversity and seek solutions instead of whining when faced with a problem; -Don't leave the team - Ask yourself if you are really devoting yourself to what you do in your life.
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