Oral Health and Lupus Symptoms
Lupus is an autoimmune disease or a disease that begins because of abnormal functioning of the immune system. Lupus can affect oral health. Its effect on oral health is the development of symptoms such as acute (sudden onset of short duration) or chronic (lasting for a long period of time) soft tissue injury. The disease is not acquired from another person and can not be transmitted to individuals. It's your own body recognizing part of it as a foreign body. The defenses of your immune system attack several cells in your body. Specifically, they are the antibodies that protect your body from other infectious agents. The antibodies attack the nucleus of the cells causing the symptoms to appear. The medical term for this disease is lupus erythematosus with systemic (organ) or cutaneous (skin) form. Symptoms may overlap with those of other autoimmune diseases, and may include rash on the skin on the nose and cheeks, called a butterfly rash. The rash may appear on other areas of the skin that are constantly exposed to sunlight. Other symptoms include fatigue, swelling of the joints, fever, hair loss and inflammation of the organs, including the heart and kidneys.
Who suffers from the disease?
The disease usually affects women much more than men . Women usually develop the disease during the reproductive phase from 20 to 45 years, and women of African, Hispanic and Asian descent are at greater risk.
The diagnosis provided by the doctor
There is no single test to diagnose the disease . The diagnosis is based on the exclusion of other immune diseases and on a group of symptoms associated with the disease, including eruption of lesions on the face, skin, inflammation of the heart, kidney problems, arthritis, immune system problems and oral ulcers.
Changes in oral health diagnosed by the dentist
This disease does not contribute to the two main oral health problems of dental caries and periodontal disease. Oral ulcers or oral lesions may, however, be present in 9-45% of people suffering from disease, according to an article in the European Journal of Dermatology (European Journal of Dermatology). Ulcers or lesions may be of an acute or chronic nature and may resemble other types of oral lesions. The initial diagnosis may require a biopsy and a rheumatologist to determine if the lesions are caused by lupus. If the disease affects the salivary gland, the patient may develop dry mouth and may need treatment with fluoride. Treatment for oral lesions is palliative and often includes topical steroids. Treatments available
Treatment of the disease varies based on the affected organs and the severity of the problem. Your doctor should prescribe the appropriate medications. Lifestyle changes and stress management are also needed.
There are two HPV vaccines. The bivalent prevents types 16 and 18 and is approved in Brazil for girls and women from 9 years of age. The quadrivalent vaccine, in addition to types 16 and 18, prevents types 6 and 11 and is approved in Brazil for girls and women aged 9-45 and for boys and men 9-26 years.
Women aged 65-69 who fracture the basin are at a five times greater risk of dying within a year, says a study by the National Institutes of Health (USA) and published in the Archives of Internal Medicine. According to the scientists, this research draws attention to the fact that the first year after the basin fracture is a critical time for older women, especially the younger women - up to age 69.