Children's oral health
Teaching your child how to care for the teeth since childhood is an investment that will benefit the rest of his life. Start by setting the example: take good care of your own teeth. This shows him that oral health is important. Attitudes that make teeth care fun and interesting (such as brushing your teeth together or letting you choose your own toothbrush) encourage good oral hygiene.
To help your child protect his or her teeth and gingiva and to help you reduce the risk of tooth decay, teach him to do the following steps:
- Brush at least three times a day with a fluoride toothpaste to remove plaque (that sticky film that forms on the teeth and is the main cause of cavities.)
- Floss daily to remove the plaque that lodges between the teeth and below the gum, preventing it from hardening and becoming a dental calculus. Once the calculus is formed, only the dentist can remove it.
- Adopt a balanced diet with little sugar and starch. These foods produce plaque acids that cause cavities.
- Use products that contain fluoride (including toothpaste). Make sure that the water your children drink contains fluoride. If your water does not contain fluoride, your dentist or pediatrician may prescribe daily fluoride supplements.
- Go to the dentist for regular checkups.
What brushing techniques can I teach my children?
Watch your child brush his teeth . Help him until he gets used to the following:
- Use a small amount of toothpaste with fluoride. Do not let the child swallow the toothpaste. Use a soft bristle brush and first brush the inner surface of each tooth, where plaque buildup is usually greater. Brush gently.
- Brush the outer surface of each tooth. Position the brush at a 45-degree angle along the gum.
- Brush back and forth.
- Brush the surface of each tooth used to chew. Brush gently
- Use the brush tip to wipe behind each front tooth in the upper and lower arch.
When the child should start flossing?
Dental floss removes food particles and plaque that is installed between the teeth and that the brush alone can not remove. So start using it when your child is four years old.
What is dental sealant and how do I know if my child needs to use it?
Dental sealant creates a highly effective barrier against dental implants. cavities. The sealant is a thin film of plastic (resin) applied to the surface of the posterior permanent teeth, where most cavities form. The application of the sealant does not hurt and can be done during a consultation with the dentist.
What is fluoride and how do I know if my child is getting the right amount of fluoride?
Fluoride is one of the best ways to avoid the cavities. It is a natural mineral that combines with the enamel of the teeth, strengthening them. Many water distribution companies add the amount of fluoride adequate to the development of teeth. To find out if the water you have at home contains fluoride and how much fluoride you have, call the water company in your county. If the water you receive does not have fluoride (or does not contain the proper amount), your pediatrician or dentist may recommend fluoride drops or a mouthwash, as well as a fluoride toothpaste. oral health of the child?
For your child to develop sturdy teeth, it is necessary for him to have a balanced diet. Your diet should contain a wide variety of vitamins and minerals, calcium, phosphorus, and adequate levels of fluoride.
Just as fluoride is the biggest protector of your child's teeth, goodies are your biggest enemy. Sugars and starches that are part of various types of foods and crackers, biscuits, sweets, dried fruits, soft drinks and potato chips combine with the bacterial plaque producing acidic substances. These substances attack the enamel and can form cavities.
Each "attack" can last up to 20 minutes after the end of the food intake. Even the "nipples" can create acidic plaque attacks. Therefore, it is advisable not to eat between meals.
What to do if my child breaks a tooth?
In any case of mouth injury, you should immediately contact your dentist. He will examine the affected area and determine the appropriate treatment. You can give a painkiller to prevent your child from suffering until you reach the office.
If possible, save the broken part of the tooth and show it to the dentist. In the event of a tooth fall due to an accident, take it to the dentist as soon as possible. Avoid touching the tooth too much and try not to clean it. Put it in water or milk until you reach the dentist's office *. In some cases it is possible to reimplant it.
* It may be possible to replace it in your child's mouth through the reimplantation procedure.
A new study by Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Israel indicates how parents should take action to encourage children to do homework. The results, published in the journal Learning and Individual Differences, showed that if parents support and communicate the importance of learning by always showing a positive attitude, the chances of the child getting motivated are higher, which is not the case when parents only press their children had high grades.
There are those who think that genetic and hereditary disease is the same thing, but it is not the case, the differences are great. a disturbance, a damage, an error in the genetic material, in the genes. And this may have been caused by several factors: radiation, infection, poor diet, stress, among others.