Oral HPV is more common in men than in women
Journal of the American Medical Association found that oral human papillomavirus (HPV), a virus transmitted through sexual contact and that causes oral cancer, is more common in men than in men. in women. The study was led by a researcher in the department of viral oncology at the Ohio State University's Comprehensive Cancer Center in the United States. The search was based on data from 5,579 people who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2009 and 2011. All were tested to identify the HPV virus.
Results showed that one in every 15 Americans was infected with oral HPV and that the incidence rate of the problem in men was 10%, compared to only 3% in women. In addition, the study found that the virus is most common among 60-64 year olds (11.4% of cases occur in this age group), recent sexual partners, smokers, people who consume lots of alcoholic beverages, and marijuana users. The HPV vaccine is mainly recommended for people from the age of nine to 10 years, ie before the onset of sexual activity. Both males and females can be vaccinated. Experts say prevention is extremely important, as oral virus carriers have a 50-fold increased risk of developing oral cancer. Learn how to prevent and treat HPV
, popularly known as HPV, is a virus that causes skin and mucosal lesions in both men and women. The most common symptoms are the appearance of warts in the vagina, penis and anus. But most of the time, HPV infection appears asymptomatic and the lesions - in this case called subclinical - may go unnoticed on a routine examination.
What makes this infection even more serious is that some of these viruses have relationship with the development of cervical cancer. "98% of cases of cervical cancer are related to the presence of HPV types 16 and 18," says Julio José Máximo de Carvalho, professor of the Urology Department of Santa Casa de São Paulo. about 30% of women are currently infected with one of the HPV virus types. The good news is that only 4% of them develop cervical cancer. The specialist also explains that in most cases, the lesions caused are transient and spontaneously combated by the immune system, without further damage to the body. Even so, it is very important to perform the diagnosis early. "In addition to the Pap smear, which is able to identify the presence of cancer cells, it is also important to have Genitoscopia regularly. This is an examination where the doctor microscopically checks for lesions in the cervix and genitals," explains . According to him, the treatments are diverse and depend on the case. For the removal of warts, the method of chemical or electrical cauterization is usually used. In other situations, the use of oral creams and medications that have a protective immune action on the cells may be recommended.
Is it Possible to Prevent?
Because HPV is usually transmitted through intercourse, condom use decreases considerably the possibility of transmission of the virus, although not totally avoid it.
The urologist also advises to avoid smoking and the use of drugs that can interfere negatively in the immune system, facilitating the infection by HPV. The multiplicity of sexual partners also favors the transmission of the virus.
Finally, it is important to remember that there are already HPV vaccines capable of protecting the most present types of virus in cervical cancer.
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