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Oral manifestations of celiac disease: dental and other issues

Oral manifestations of celiac disease: dental and other issues

Celiac Disease Foundation , and affects about one in 100 people worldwide. People who have the disease are unable to digest gluten, a protein present in grains like wheat and the disease damages their small intestines in such a way that it hinders the absorption of vital nutrients by the body. Although its effects on the digestive system are well known, you may be surprised to know that celiac disease has several oral manifestations: tooth defects, dry mouth and canker sores are among the most common.

Enamel defects

The quality of the enamel may become a problem for people with celiac disease, according to the

Celiac Disease Awareness Campaign , which may be related to discoloration or poor development. Teeth with discolored enamel usually have brownish, yellowish or even whitish spots. Malignant enamel, in turn, is lumpy or striped, and the teeth may be more translucent than opaque. Unfortunately, defects in the enamel caused by celiac disease are permanent. Therefore, they will not disappear if you start a gluten-free diet. Your dentist may thus be able to deal with this situation through veneers or dental adhesives.

Dry mouth syndrome

Dry mouth syndrome is exactly what its name says - the frequent feeling that your mouth is very dry. This situation can be caused by Sjogren's syndrome, an autoimmune disease that attacks your salivary glands and can occur at the same time as celiac disease. According to the

National Foundation for Celiac Awareness , between 4.5 and 15% of people with celiac disease also have Sjogren's syndrome. When your body does not produce enough saliva, you usually have difficulties in chewing and swallowing food. It can also make diction difficult. The syndrome is not only uncomfortable; is a medical concern. Since the saliva helps keep teeth clean, their insufficiency can contribute to the development of caries. Canker sores, also known as aphthous stomatitis, are uncomfortable oral lesions that develop in soft tissues - inner of your cheeks or palate, for example. Like dry mouth, these lesions can make feeding or speech difficult. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) studies, they affect 3 to 61% of people with celiac disease.

Thrills disappear on their own, but may return later . If your canker sores are disturbing your life, your dentist may ease your symptoms by prescribing mouthwashes or topical anesthetics.

For people with celiac disease, problems that affect the enamel, saliva, or oral tissues are a cause for concern . If you have an arcade of celiac teeth, do not ignore your situation. The development of any of these oral symptoms is the perfect reason to consult your dentist for diagnosis and treatment.


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