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Eating Too Much May Cause Memory Problems

Eating Too Much May Cause Memory Problems

It is well established that eating beyond the bill can cause a variety of complications such as obesity, high cholesterol and heart problems. The study was developed at the Mount Sinai Alzheimer's Center in New York (USA), and involved more than 1,200 people, with ages between 70 and 89 years. Participants answered a questionnaire about their eating habits of the previous year and were divided into three groups: those who ate between 600 and 1,526 calories per day, those who ate between 1,526 and 2,143 calories and those who ate between 2,143 and 6,000 calories per day . After analyzing the results, the researchers found that the elderly who ingested between 2,100 and 6,000 calories per day were twice as likely to develop memory problems, which may progress to other diseases, such as Alzheimer's. The results also took into account other factors such as age, sex, schooling, history of stroke and depression.

According to the authors of the analysis, the results show that people between the ages of 70 and 80 should not consume more than 2,100 calories per day, thus avoiding both memory problems, obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular complications.

Follow six Alzheimer's trails before it turns out

I ate too much and now?

Alzheimer's disease is a silent illness that slowly develops. However, some conditions, such as smoking, obesity, hypertension and diabetes, contribute to the increase in brain damage that lead to loss of cognition, says psychiatrist Cássio Bottino, from the Institute of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, USP. lesions, associated with the connection difficulties between neurons (effect of the increase of beta-amyloid protein), give rise to the majority of Alzheimer's diagnoses today. "Vascular dementia, or problems that arise due to malfunctioning of the heart are already so important elements when the growth out of control of the protein in the discovery of the disease," says neurologist and geneticist David Schlesinger, Albert Einstein Hospital. Next, experts tell you which are the main traces of Alzheimer's and give you tips for better health care.

Metabolic Syndrome

Geriatrician Yolanda Boechat, coordinator of the Reference Center for Elderly Care at UFF-RJ, explains that the metabolic syndrome is the association of diseases such as obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels), increased triglyceride levels, decreased levels of "good" HDL cholesterol and increased levels of uric acid in the blood.

In common, all these evils cause a greater accumulation of fat in the blood, hindering circulation through the body. With this, there is an increase of microcardiopathic lesions, as well as cerebral atrophy. Too much glucose in the blood from diabetes has the same consequences. According to the specialist, these factors together can increase memory loss by as much as 40%.

Hypertension

In a hypertension, the intensity with which the blood circulates ends up causing lesions in the vessels, including in the brain (more sensitive). "Damaged, they end up bringing less blood, oxygenation and nutrients to the brain," says Cássio Bottino. Brain tissue is very dependent on blood oxygenation and may lose capacity if vascular failures occur.

Smoking

Another factor pointed out in the research is smoking. "The cigarette accelerates the process of neurological aging and cerebral atrophy, which aggravates the chances of Alzheimer's," says Yolanda Boechat. In addition, it is possible that the risk is increased because of small cerebrovascular infarctions that increase the death of neurons, caused by the toxins present in the cigarette.Alcohol

The consumption of more than two daily doses of alcohol, regardless of the drink, increases the chances of having neurological disorders by almost 10%. Other than that, the chronic alcoholic suffers from the loss of brain tissue, that is, the brain shrinks over time and aggravates problems such as forgetfulness and loss of recent memory.

Physical activity

Bathes brain with endorphin, which is an antioxidant hormone capable of cleansing the brain and eliminating free radicals, combating cell aging. "Regular physical activity also contributes to blood supply to neuronal cells, improving connections and thinking," he says. the doctor Yolanda. According to researchers at the Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, seniors should practice 2.5 to 5 hours of physical activity weekly.

Depression

Finally, researchers have indicated depression as an aggravating factor for Alzheimer's . The relationship difficulty caused by depression impairs memory and communication ability, inhibiting the functioning of parts of the brain. "If left untreated, depression can lead to failure of the brain area responsible for memory (hippocampus), including that of recent events."


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