Overweight and moderate hyperglycemia pose risks to pregnancy
Overweight and normalized Moderately high blood sugar levels do not always receive a very differentiated attention from doctors. The major concern of professionals has always been for those with obesity or gestational diabetes, conditions known to increase the risk of health problems for both the mother and the baby. But a study published in the journal Diabetes Care will probably change this standard procedure.
A team led by a professor of endocrine medicine at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of the Northwestern Memorial Hospital , in the United States, evaluated 23,316 women from nine different countries. About 6% of them had moderate hyperglycemia and overweight, 16% had obesity and 13.7% were diagnosed with gestational diabetes. The first group had a higher risk of having problems in pregnancy than those with obesity and sugar levels normal in the blood or those with gestational diabetes and normal weight. This is because babies of women with moderately elevated blood sugar and overweight tend to weigh more than those from mothers with obesity or gestational diabetes, which reduces the likelihood of having a normal birth.
Children from mothers with moderate hyperglycemia and overweight weigh on average 214 grams more than those of completely healthy women; those of obese mothers, 164 grams; and those with gestational diabetes, 174 grams. The largest weight gain, however, was that of children with mothers with both problems: gestational diabetes and obesity. They weigh an average of 340 grams more than those of healthy mothers.
The great message of the research is to reinforce the importance of prenatal follow-up and adopt a healthier lifestyle in pregnancy to avoid complications. Even a little alarming results that indicate only the onset of a problem should not be ignored.
Tips for getting well with the balance during pregnancy
One of the most common fears of pregnant women is gaining too much weight during pregnancy and worse still, keep the extra pounds after childbirth. To avoid this problem, the orthopedist Ricardo Cury of the Brazilian Society of Orthopedics and nutritionist Mariana Del Bosco Rodrigues of Abeso (Brazilian Association for the Study of Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome) advise women who do not want to gain much weight in the
1. Try to feed every 3 hours;
2. To get around the morning sickness, leave dry foods (sprinkles, biscuits) next to the head of the bed.
3. Whole grains are excellent sources of B vitamins, essential to minimize discomfort with motion sickness;
4. Consume calcium (
5. Do not forget the iron (meat, grains) to avoid anemia;
6. Include rich foods in your diet in folic acid (dark green leaves) because it ensures the formation of the baby's neural tube;
7. Eat a fillet of fish, chicken or lean meat every day. In addition to giving the feeling of satiety, these foods provide enough protein for the baby and still help give elasticity to your skin, avoiding stretch marks;
8. To avoid the swelling, common in the last trimester, it is important to ingest
9. Your dish should be well-colored, which indicates the variety of nutrients;
10. Eat your meals with ease, no rush to swallow the foods. This facilitates your digestion and prevents you from eating more than your hunger demands actually require.
The survey looked at 21,993 children living with their parents. They realized that if the mother has depressive symptoms, the risk of the child having emotional or behavioral problems is greater than if the parent is affected by those same symptoms. Researchers found that the rate of these problems in children is: - 25% if both parents have symptoms of depression; - 19% if only the mother is affected; - 11% if only the parent is affected; - 6% if none of parents are affected.
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