Overweight babies are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease when adults
According to a new study by the University of Western Australia , overweight female babies are more likely to develop cardiovascular disease and diabetes. With the epidemic of childhood obesity, the onset of type 2 diabetes is becoming more precocious. Previous studies have shown that cardiovascular risk factors in childhood and adulthood are associated with birth weight. The current research investigated associations between birth weight and body fat distribution in childhood with future metabolic risk factors such as obesity, insulin resistance, and high blood pressure. "What happens to a baby in the womb interferes with the development of future heart disease and the risk for diabetes, "the researchers say. "We found that female babies and high birth weight are particularly prone to this risk." In this study, the researchers examined 1,053 individuals for 17 years. Follow-up of the study participants occurred in eight intervals between one and 17 years of age. In addition to birth weight and BMI, the researchers measured blood pressure and insulin levels, blood glucose, triglycerides and cholesterol. Girls with 17 years of age and greater waist circumference, triglycerides and insulin and lower HDL (good cholesterol) were heavier at birth. In contrast, birth weight had no statistical impact on metabolic risk factors in boys.
These findings are significant because, in modern society, there is an increasing incidence of maternal obesity and gestational diabetes, which means that there will also be an increase in the number of newborns that are too large for their age. Public health measures and healthy maternal habits, such as adequate nutrition and exercise, are becoming more and more necessary.
Maintain proper nutrition in pregnancy
One of the most common fears of pregnant women is gaining too much weight during pregnancy and worse still, keep the extra pounds after childbirth. To avoid the problem, the orthopedist. Ricardo Cury, from the Brazilian Society of Orthopedics, and nutritionist Mariana Del Bosco Rodrigues, from Abeso (Brazilian Association for the Study of Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome), advise women who do not want to gain weight during pregnancy. "It's important to be deterred from thinking that you have to eat for two," says Mariana. Rising from nine to 12 pounds is normal. Gaining too much weight can be bad for both the mother and the baby.
And nothing to stop the gym. "Just adapt the exercises to your new condition," says Cury. He explains that the pregnant can even do bodybuilding, for example, as long as it preserves the body from major impacts. Choose light exercises, not to lose tone, and much stretching to maintain balance, which will be affected with the new weight on the belly, favoring spine problems.
Next, check out 20 tips that this pair of professionals recommends for future mothers spend the nine months wasting health.
1. Try to feed every 3 hours;
2. To get around the morning sickness, leave dry food (sprinkles, biscuits) next to the bed head. Send one of them inside before you even get up;
3. Whole grains are excellent sources of B vitamins, essential to minimize discomfort with nausea;
4. Consumption of calcium (milk and milk products), a key mineral for ensuring the bone health of the mother;
5. Do not forget the iron (meat, grains) to avoid anemia;
6. Include in your diet foods rich in folic acid (dark green leaves) as it ensures the formation of the baby's neural tube
7. Eat a fillet of fish, chicken or lean meat every day. In addition to giving the feeling of satiety, these foods provide enough protein for the baby and still help give elasticity to your skin, avoiding stretch marks;
8. To avoid swelling, common in the last trimester, it is important to ingest a lot of fluid and moderate salt intake;
9. Your plate should be well colored, indicating the variety of nutrients;
10. Take your meals with ease, not in a hurry to swallow food. This facilitates your digestion and prevents you from eating more than your hunger demands actually demands;
11. Beware of dietary foods and excess sweeteners. They contain chemicals. Talk to your doctor about it;
12. Avoid foods that contain too much fat, such as sour cream and some types of red meats and sausages;
13. Cut the fries and breadcrumbs during the nine months. These foods will only fatten you, because they have a type of fat that is not used by either your body or your baby;
14. Practice water aerobics. It is great for keeping all the muscles of your body in action and without causing any kind of impact that could compromise your baby;
15. Stretch out. Helps maintain the balance of your body and prevents overloads in the spine;
16. Build muscle, but skip impact exercises. At this stage, the important thing is to stay in shape and you can do it with lightweight, lightweight series and always accompanied by an instructor;
17. Do not abuse sweets;
18. Escape from alcoholic beverages;
19. Do not take weight loss pills, such as appetite suppressants or metabolism boosters. They can harm you and your baby. Always consult your doctor;
20. Do not diet on your own. Find a nutritionist to help you set up a menu.
I got on the plane and miraculously got a place in the first row and the aisle! At my side sits a couple with a child. She was a beautiful, graceful little girl, and her blue eyes conveyed the children's naturality and curiosity. Father sits in the middle armchair, mother at the window with her little daughter on her lap.
Norwegian Institute of Public Health researchers in Norway found a relationship between the levels of the ambient pollutant perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in the blood of pregnant women and the incidence of obesity in their daughters. According to experts, poor diet and physical inactivity are not alone responsible for the outbreak of obesity worldwide.