PAHO calls attention to increase of Yellow Fever in Brazil
In a statement released last weekend, the Pan American Health Organization Health (PAHO), a regional office of the World Health Organization (WHO) has drawn attention to the fact that since 2016 Latin America has recorded the largest number of cases of the disease in decades. In addition, according to the organization, there is scope for the outbreak to expand in Brazil as well as a limitation of vaccines to protect the population.
PAHO stated that between January 2016 and December 2017, cases of yellow fever were which were registered in seven Latin American countries, including Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru and Suriname.
One of the points that PAHO drew attention to is the fact that since December 13, 2017 Brazil was the the only country with new cases. According to the organization, 777 cases were registered between the second half of 2016 and June 2017, with 261 deaths. The increase, according to PAHO, is due to people who were not immunized as well as the temperature conditions favorable to the contamination.
Fractional dose of the yellow fever vaccine
With the monkey deaths in São Paulo at the end 2017 and early 2018, the State Health Department decided to adopt the fractional version of the yellow fever vaccine. The forecast is that it is also adopted by Rio de Janeiro and Bahia. *
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the full-dose vaccine lasts a lifetime, while the fractionated vaccine will last for nine years. The new rule, already used in countries such as Angola, was highlighted after analysis by the National Immunization Commission, which determined the duration of the vaccine.
Initially, it was estimated that protection of the fractioned dose would be only one year, but there was a follow up with the people who received it and the result was satisfactory.
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