Pain during training is a sign that something is not right
According to the International Association for the Study of Pain, pain is "(...) An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual, potential or described injuries in terms of such pain. "
We often hear comments from athletes who say that pain is part of the training and to gain performance or improve performance, it is necessary to have pain. Sorry for the less informed, but this is just an absurd comment.
Pain is the only way the body has to communicate and show that something is not right. It is necessary to understand the causes and treat them properly.
Pain is the only way the body has to communicate and show that something is not right.
The achievements in our lives, both in the professional aspect as sports, must be acquired progressively, as we have steps to be followed that will serve as a basis for the next training moment. If you skipped steps, you are at risk of not achieving your goals, exposing your body to the limits of overload and consequently injury.
Do not confuse the sacrifice and the struggle to achieve your goals, such as overcoming fatigue, food without the treats, to deprive themselves of some social events by having to feel pain to show commitment.
Pain treatment is complex, requiring multidisciplinary effort, based on multiple approaches of human knowledge.
The approach to chronic pain is absolutely individualized, each pain is the "pain of a person", with its history, its origin, its context and its momentum. Pain is subjective, but it is not abstract. It is felt by someone who needs to be understood and respected, and who most of the time finds himself afraid of his reality. This person does not understand why he has pain, he fears his cause, his illness, his treatment, his prognosis, and the very prospect of feeling (or not) his pain. He fears the prospect of experiencing a new (and worse) pain at every moment, and that he may have no control.
Of all the pains that affect the human being throughout their existence, myofascial pains are the most prevalent. They may be a consequence of postural changes, repetitive work or overload in athletic training. They can be acute or chronic and are located in one or more muscles of our body. They are characterized by the presence of a trigger point in the palpation performed by the physical or physical examination, where the athlete reports severe pain when this point of muscular hyperirritability is pressed. In general, the adequate treatment of myofascial pain should be performed through a combination of techniques, which includes:
-Massages, release or slip of the muscle;
-Auguration of pain points with acupuncture or infiltration of anesthetics; -Medications, such as relaxants muscular and analgesic therapy
- Physiotherapy with laser, ultrasound and transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS)
- Physical exercises (stretching, strengthening, resistance)
As has been widely recommended, the use of ice as a therapeutic proposal for the relief of pain is called cryotherapy, which until today is the subject of controversy regarding its use. Since ancient Greece and Rome already snow and ice were already used for therapeutic purposes, a practice that has been widespread for a long time in the veterinary environment as a way to assist in muscle recovery of the lower limbs of racehorses. However, it was only in the early 1960s that the first scientific studies were conducted using cryotherapy a few hours after the occurrence of the lesions.Although it is considered a natural anti-inflammatory, ice does not always decrease the inflammatory response, as is believed in the sports environment, but it reduces the symptoms and classic signs of inflammation: pain, swelling (edema), redness, , and decreased function of the limb or joint. Therefore, its indication in the initial phase of the treatment is restricted mainly to the control of pain and edema, besides causing a decrease of the oxygen consumption consequent to the slowing down of the metabolism - phenomena that occur due to the decrease of the action potential, that is, lower transmitting pulses.
Long distance races, such as half marathons and marathons, are tests that rely on high cardiovascular and muscular endurance. Because they are running between 2 hours and 5 hours to run, the predominant metabolism is aerobic and has as main fuel for the body. It is important to know the characteristics and requirements involved in these trajectories.
The routine becomes more comfortable when we have the chance to optimize our time. After all, when we are able to perform our daily activities with more agility and autonomy, we also gain an opportunity to occupy our minds with things that give us pleasure. One of the examples that makes life easier is to do things at home.