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Pains during sex are a sign that there is something wrong

Pains during sex are a sign that there is something wrong

Unfortunately, sexual intercourse is not always synonymous with pleasure. For some women penetration, which should be a hot act shared by the couple, is extremely painful and uncomfortable. And the pain varies from woman to woman, it can be of various intensities and even manifest in the anal region. But attention: feeling pain during sex is a strong indication that there is some problem, be it physical or psychological.

Tereza Barroso, a specialist in sexuality at the Federal University of São Paulo (Unifesp), explains that discomfort may be only related to uncomfortable sexual positions. However, it is also a symptom of vaginal diseases caused by bacteria or fungi. "In some cases it indicates vulvar pathologies and cervical diseases, such as myoma and endometriosis," he says.

Loss of libido

According to Barroso, pathologies that can provoke pain during intercourse are infections in the vagina and vulva, such as candidiasis, benign and malignant tumors, diseases of the urinary tract, such as cystitis, dermatological lesions caused by sexually transmitted diseases and trauma. In these cases, the pain usually goes away after the treatment of the disease causing the discomfort.

According to the specialist, another reason to feel pain or burning during penetration is the lack of lubrication. This problem can happen, among other reasons, because there was not sufficient stimulation in the preliminaries.

"Another recommendation, in these cases, is to use water-based lubricants. They help a lot and do not harm the condom," he says. She also points out that this insufficient lubrication is one of the most prevalent characteristics in women who enter the menopause.

Pain during sex is a sign that there is something wrong - Photo: Getty Images

Finally, the gynecologist points out that woman needs to know her anatomy closely. And that's a tip that holds true for all of them, no matter how old they are. "During masturbation or sexual intercourse, she learns how to get pleasure and which positions are hotter, as well as discovering ways to turn penetration into an unforgettable moment," she says.

But for some women , pain in sexual intercourse has nothing to do with infections or cervical pathologies. In these rarer cases, the pain is triggered by psychological factors such as vaginismus. It is a psychophysiological syndrome whose fundamental characteristic is the involuntary, recurrent or persistent contraction of the perineum muscles adjacent to the vagina.

"Because of the pain, the woman ends up avoiding having sex, which is not natural. As a result, many affective relationships are strongly shaken," he explains. According to experts, vaginismus is a more common problem in young women and in those with a history of sexual abuse or trauma. In some, the picture becomes so severe that it even prevents gynecological exams. For those who suffer from this disorder, treatment should be individualized, depending on the causes of the problem. Therefore, the general orientation is to first seek the gynecologist.


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