Passive smoking may be linked to type 2 diabetes and obesity
If you need one more reason to stay away from cigarettes, consider the finding presented at The Endocrine Society's 94th Annual Meeting in the United States. According to the study, secondhand smoke may be linked to increased risks of developing type 2 diabetes and obesity.
For the analysis, the authors used data from more than 6,300 adults who had participated in the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 2001 and 2006. All of them answered questions about smoking and provided blood samples in which they could check the levels of cotinine, a substance found in tobacco.
Approximately 25% of the participants were smokers, 41% were classified as non-smokers and 34% were identified as passive smokers. After taking into account the age, sex, race, alcohol consumption and regularity with which the volunteers practiced exercises, the researchers concluded that passive smokers had more risk factors that could favor type 2 diabetes than non-smokers. smoking. Examples of these factors are increased insulin resistance, high fasting blood glucose or blood sugar, and higher levels of a type of hemoglobin that has been shown to have blood glucose in the past three months.
In addition, (BMI), a measure that allows the identification of obesity, were higher among passive smokers than among nonsmokers. They also concluded that the association between secondhand smoke and type 2 diabetes was not due to obesity. Still, more studies are needed to understand the relationship.
Other hazards of secondhand smoke
Before the nuisance was only the strong smell impregnated in clothes and hair. The problems are much more serious for those who are forced to live with the cigarette smoke of others. If you are a smoker, look at the risks that people around you suffer from it. Reactions such as cough, eye irritation, headache, coryza, aggravation of respiratory diseases, and nausea are the so-called short-term symptoms for the
Children exposed daily to cigarette smoke have a 50% higher chance of developing some chronic disease such as bronchitis and asthma. In adults who already suffer from this type of problem, poisoning aggravates symptoms and causes frequent bouts of shortness of breath.
If you think that only smokers are at risk for cancer, you are very much mistaken. The environment where a person has just smoked contains the same substances inhaled by the dependent. And worse: in greater quantity. The cancers related to the inhalation of cigarette smoke are those of the lung, airways and bronchi, liver and bladder.
Damage to the vascular system
Passive smoking impairs the functioning of the heart, even when there is no more smoke in the air. This is because, even after the smoke is dispersed, the harmful substances of the tobacco remain in the air and can be inhaled.
The risks of using anabolic steroids are widely publicized today, even so, some people turn to them for the purpose of gaining muscle quickly. These steroids are synthetic derivatives of the male hormone testosterone, originally produced by the testicles, and can cause serious health changes. Increased hair, beard and thickening of the voice are just a few of the male characteristics reinforced by the use of hormones.
As health professionals and consumers celebrate Arthritis Awareness Month in May, dentists remind patients and caregivers to pay attention to the link between periodontal disease and arthritis rheumatoid arthritis. Studies have shown that people with RA are more likely to have periodontal disease compared to those who do not have this chronic inflammatory joint disease.
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