Patients with osteoarthritis suffer undetermined that they are ill
Intense pain in the joints, especially in the knees, hips and shoulders, accompanied by rigidity and difficulty of movement may be signs of osteoarthritis, better known such as arthrosis. Despite the difficulties that all these symptoms cause, of the 10 million Brazilians who suffer from the problem, only 42% of the patients know they have arthrosis and therefore have medical follow-up.
The conclusion has just come out in a study that composes the book Current Scenario & Trends of Osteoarthritis in Brazil. The research was coordinated by researchers from the Department of Clinical Medicine of the State University of Campinas (Unicamp), the Faculty of Medicine of the University of São Paulo (FMUSP) and the University of São Paulo (USP). The lack of treatment, according to experts, should lead to an increase in the number of cases, reaching 12.3 million by 2015.
Arthrosis is a progressive degeneration of the joints, often related to aging, affecting regions that support more force, or that suffer more wear and tear, such as the hip, knee, and spine. According to the authors, the disease manifests earlier in men, especially in the knees before 60 years, and in the hip after this age. In women, the rates accelerate after the menopause.
Do you protect your joints?
Arthritis and arthrosis
Who has never suffered from back pain, knees on the shoulders? "When it is not treated, this pain can progress to problems like arthritis, arthritis and gout," says rheumatologist Maria Angela do Amaral Gurgel of the Sírio Libanês Hospital. All of these problems and one more huge list make up what, generally, is called rheumatism, a set of diseases related to joints. Ask your questions about this kind of discomfort and prevent diseases:
Do physical exercises hurt your joints?
No, they even strengthen joints. According to the rheumatologist Maria Angela do Amaral Gurgel, the practice of physical exercises is essential to keep the joints functioning well, since the physical activities help to improve the balance and to control the excess weight. "In addition, exercises that strengthen muscles reduce joint overload and help relieve pain," says rheumatologist Pablius Braga of the Nove de Julho Hospital.
What foods help protect joints?
Ingestion of foods rich in calcium and vitamin D, such as milk and its derivatives, kale and spinach, is important to keep bone density high, avoiding wear and tear problems such as osteoporosis. "The diet has no direct effect on diseases such as arthritis, but bone strengthening is an associated benefit," says Maria Angela.
Who stays long in the same position harms the joints?
The more joints are used , the greater its lubrication and its efficiency. Therefore, people who sit for long periods of time are more likely to suffer from pain in their joints.
Is overweight and obesity risk factors for joint pain?
Weight gain causes joint overloads with which people have more pain the place. "In addition, people who are overweight usually have sedentary habits and less toned muscles, which makes the problem worse," says Maria Angela do Amaral Gurgel.
Can alcohol consumption cause joint pain?
Like proteins and fats, alcohol increases the concentration of uric acid in the blood. For those who experience difficulties in expelling this component through the urine, drinking alcohol can trigger the accumulation of uric acid in the joints, increasing pain and discomfort.
A study published in the American Journal of Cardiology found that people suffering from psoriasis should be more attentive to cardiovascular problems because they are more likely to have their arteries blocked. The study was conducted by researchers at the University of California, California, in the United States.
However, the patient returned to Europe with 28 weeks 'gestation and an ultrasound examination performed at 29 weeks' gestation showed the first signs of fetal abnormalities and was referred to the Department of Perinatology. At that time, she also noticed reduced fetal movements. Ultrasonography that was performed at the 32nd week of gestation confirmed intrauterine growth retardation, increased brain ventricles, and calcifications in different areas of the brain.
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