Pay attention: April is Oral Cancer Awareness Month - a good time to visit your dentist for an exam
Over 21,000 men and 9,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with oral cancer each year, according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI). In 2013, there will be 41,380 new cases of cancers of the oral cavity and pharynx in the USA, resulting in 7,890 deaths, according to NCI.
Oral cancer can affect mouth and throat, most of which starts in the cells squamous cells that cover the surfaces of the mouth, tongue and lips. Some of the risk factors for oral cancer include tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption, human papillomavirus infection, sun exposure, diet and history of oral cancer.
Symptoms that require attention include spots within the mouth or in the mouth. lips, sore mouth or lips that do not heal, bleeding in the mouth, soft teeth, pain or difficulty swallowing, lump in the neck, numbness of the lower lip and chin, difficulty in wearing dentures, and persistent ear pain.
A study published in the Journal of the American Association may change the way the clinical evolution of newly-operated patients is conducted. After monitoring 15,000 patients from different countries, including Brazil, researchers found that a simple blood test may indicate which individuals need special care with the heart.
My Life invited Dr. José Magrin, head and neck cancer surgeon at the AC Camargo Hospital in São Paulo, to clarify doubts about the cause of the cancer that struck former president Lula. cancer of the larynx. He talked about the symptoms of the disease, the most indicated treatment and pointed out some warnings about prevention.