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The highest incidence is in individuals aged 50 years and over

The highest incidence is in individuals aged 50 years and over

Early diagnosis is essential to avoid the local growth of the disease and the later amputation of the penis, which brings physical, sexual and psychological consequences to man.

Lack of hygiene is one of the major risk factors for this type of cancer. It is part of the prevention of the disease to wash the penis daily with soap and water, especially under the foreskin, the skin that covers the head of the genital (glans). This act not only prevents the onset of infections, but also causes the man to see if there is any type of alteration or injury to the organ.

Other risk factors are chronic penile lesions, risky sexual behavior, papillomavirus infection (HPV) and the phimosis that occurs when the foreskin skin is narrow or non-elastic, preventing glans exposure and proper cleaning.

The most common clinical manifestation of penile cancer is a persistent wound or a localized tumor on the glans, on the foreskin or on the body of the penis. It should be noted that any injury that does not heal, or a tumor, independent of causing pain should be examined by a physician. In some cases, growth in the inguinal ganglia - tongue in the groin - may be an early manifestation of penile cancer.

According to data from the National Cancer Institute (INCA), about half of patients with penile cancer take more than a year to seek medical care after the onset of the initial lesions. When diagnosed at an early stage, penile cancer has a high cure rate. Early diagnosis is essential to avoid local growth of the disease and subsequent amputation of the penis, which brings physical, sexual and psychological consequences to the man. Therefore, the sooner treatment is started, the greater the chances of cure. Treatment depends on the local extent of the tumor and the involvement of the inguinal ganglia. Surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are the therapeutic alternatives.

When we talk about penile cancer, the most important thing is to massively disseminate basic notions of intimate hygiene among the male population. In addition, prevention of disease can be done if the citizen is aware of the importance of self-examination of the penis. When performing self-examination, men should be alert to:

Loss of pigmentation or whitish spots

Wounds and lumps in the penis that have not disappeared after medical treatment, and which have secretions and bad smell

  • Tumoration in the penis and / or in the groin (tongue)
  • Long-term inflammation with redness and itching, especially in those with phimosis.

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