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People who abuse alcohol can influence partner

People who abuse alcohol can influence partner

A study by the psychology department at Dalhousie University in Canada says people who abuse alcohol can get their partners to do the same. To these results, the authors studied 208 couples of boyfriends, all in their 20s. Couples were at least five times a week and the relationship time was, on average, two years.

The researchers followed the couples for 28 days. Throughout this period, the authors realized that when one partner abused alcohol, the partner almost automatically also abused alcohol. The chances of the second getting drunk, even, were greater.

But the researchers say more studies are needed to understand this relationship and to get other questions. Among them, to understand if people who drink very naturally go together, or if the family history of alcoholism also influences the choice of partners.

Alcohol presents different reactions between women and men

In the last decades, we observed more and more the discussion about the effects of alcohol on our body. But one important factor is being left practically all over the world: alcohol acts differently in females and males. Along with the independence of women, one can also observe a higher consumption of alcohol in this part of the population. In such a scenario, it is imperative to explain that women have physiological characteristics that make them more susceptible to the effects of alcohol than men.

According to My Life psychiatrist and expert Arthur Guerra, even taking into account the differences between In terms of body weight, the same amount of alcohol affects women faster than men. This is because they have less water in the body - which causes alcohol to become more concentrated - and lower levels of liver enzymes aldehyde dehydrogenase and alcohol dehydrogenase, responsible for the metabolism of that substance. "So they become more exposed to the consequences of alcohol use than men, including a greater risk of developing alcohol abuse or dependence," he says.

During pregnancy

When we talk about using this substance, it is always the question of the effects of alcohol during pregnancy. By crossing the placenta, it can cause deleterious effects on the fetus, including hyperactivity, attention deficit, learning and memory. Since there are no scientific studies that define a "safe" limit of alcohol consumption, that is, it does not affect the baby, abstinence is the best and only recommendation for women who are pregnant or trying to become pregnant. Regardless of the gender, alcohol is associated with 60 types of illnesses and injuries, including acute, such as traffic accidents, and chronic injuries - for example, heart disease, liver disease, and disorders related to alcohol use (abuse or dependence). "For women, it is still worth emphasizing some consequences of the harmful use of this substance: susceptibility to sexual abuse, unprotected sex and violence," says Arthur.

In the last 20 years, the relationship between consumption of alcohol and the risk of developing breast cancer, a reason of great concern among women. Scientific research indicates that even the consumption of 10 g of alcohol per day (approximately equivalent to 285 ml of beer, 120 ml of wine, or 30 ml of distillate) increases the risk of breast cancer, and the higher the consumption of alcohol, the greater the risk.

According to Arthur Guerra, women still suffer a great deal of prejudice and are very poorly understood in society - which is why they generally seek less treatment services than men. "In addition, psychiatric comorbidities are more common in women, this means that alcohol dependence occurs concomitantly with another mental disorder, such as depression, panic syndrome or eating disorders," he says.

Considering the data exposed, it becomes it is clear that special attention should be given to gender differences in alcohol use (especially women, who are most vulnerable to the effects of alcohol) - both in prevention programs and through care by specialized professionals or services.


Know what's behind the TPM and see how to fight it

Know what's behind the TPM and see how to fight it

Every man knows that it is best not to mess with women during the period of premenstrual tension, the famous PMS. At this time of the month, which corresponds to a period of about 7 to 10 days before menstruation, the female organism can experience a series of reactions ranging from physical symptoms such as breast pain, headache, arrest, and nausea, to neuropsychic discomforts such as irritability, depression and anxiety.

(Health)

Chikungunya: Brazil registers first case of infected baby in pregnancy

Chikungunya: Brazil registers first case of infected baby in pregnancy

The first case of transmission during pregnancy of chikungunya fever was confirmed. The patient is a 12-day old baby who was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with severe seizures in Campina Grande, Paraíba. Confirmation of the vertical transmission of the virus was made by researchers from the Paraibano Institute of Research Professor Joaquim Amorim Neto (Ipesq), Faculty of Applied Social Sciences (Facisa) and the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) and identified traits of the virus in the mother and baby.

(Health)