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People who abuse alcohol can influence partner

People who abuse alcohol can influence partner

A study by the psychology department at Dalhousie University in Canada says people who abuse alcohol can get their partners to do the same. To these results, the authors studied 208 couples of boyfriends, all in their 20s. Couples were at least five times a week and the relationship time was, on average, two years.

The researchers followed the couples for 28 days. Throughout this period, the authors realized that when one partner abused alcohol, the partner almost automatically also abused alcohol. The chances of the second getting drunk, even, were greater.

But the researchers say more studies are needed to understand this relationship and to get other questions. Among them, to understand if people who drink very naturally go together, or if the family history of alcoholism also influences the choice of partners.

Alcohol presents different reactions between women and men

In the last decades, we observed more and more the discussion about the effects of alcohol on our body. But one important factor is being left practically all over the world: alcohol acts differently in females and males. Along with the independence of women, one can also observe a higher consumption of alcohol in this part of the population. In such a scenario, it is imperative to explain that women have physiological characteristics that make them more susceptible to the effects of alcohol than men.

According to My Life psychiatrist and expert Arthur Guerra, even taking into account the differences between In terms of body weight, the same amount of alcohol affects women faster than men. This is because they have less water in the body - which causes alcohol to become more concentrated - and lower levels of liver enzymes aldehyde dehydrogenase and alcohol dehydrogenase, responsible for the metabolism of that substance. "So they become more exposed to the consequences of alcohol use than men, including a greater risk of developing alcohol abuse or dependence," he says.

During pregnancy

When we talk about using this substance, it is always the question of the effects of alcohol during pregnancy. By crossing the placenta, it can cause deleterious effects on the fetus, including hyperactivity, attention deficit, learning and memory. Since there are no scientific studies that define a "safe" limit of alcohol consumption, that is, it does not affect the baby, abstinence is the best and only recommendation for women who are pregnant or trying to become pregnant. Regardless of the gender, alcohol is associated with 60 types of illnesses and injuries, including acute, such as traffic accidents, and chronic injuries - for example, heart disease, liver disease, and disorders related to alcohol use (abuse or dependence). "For women, it is still worth emphasizing some consequences of the harmful use of this substance: susceptibility to sexual abuse, unprotected sex and violence," says Arthur.

In the last 20 years, the relationship between consumption of alcohol and the risk of developing breast cancer, a reason of great concern among women. Scientific research indicates that even the consumption of 10 g of alcohol per day (approximately equivalent to 285 ml of beer, 120 ml of wine, or 30 ml of distillate) increases the risk of breast cancer, and the higher the consumption of alcohol, the greater the risk.

According to Arthur Guerra, women still suffer a great deal of prejudice and are very poorly understood in society - which is why they generally seek less treatment services than men. "In addition, psychiatric comorbidities are more common in women, this means that alcohol dependence occurs concomitantly with another mental disorder, such as depression, panic syndrome or eating disorders," he says.

Considering the data exposed, it becomes it is clear that special attention should be given to gender differences in alcohol use (especially women, who are most vulnerable to the effects of alcohol) - both in prevention programs and through care by specialized professionals or services.


Endometriosis surgery: all about treatment

Endometriosis surgery: all about treatment

Endometriosis surgery is the procedure that seeks to remove all visible outbreaks of the disease. In general, the operation is performed in two ways, both minimally invasive: laparoscopy or robotic surgery. When none of the options is available, it is also possible to perform the belly operation open (traditional).

(Health)

Air pollution may increase risk of stroke and heart attack

Air pollution may increase risk of stroke and heart attack

A 10 year review by Brown University (USA) points out that the probability of a stroke or infarction increases within the first 24 hours that a person is subjected to a "moderate" level of air quality (classification given by the United States Environmental Protection Agency). A total of 1,705 cases of strokes (also known as stroke or stroke) were compared with detailed data on atmospheric pollution levels.

(Health)