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Regular use of medication helps prevent schizophrenia

Regular use of medication helps prevent schizophrenia

More than 50 years of data collected show that people with schizophrenia who take antipsychotic drugs decrease the risk of relapses, a new study suggests. The analysis also shows that people treated with these drugs are less likely to be hospitalized or to behave aggressively or violently. The findings were published in the online version of The Lancet .

Scientists studied data on nearly 6,500 people with schizophrenia. All of them had participated in 65 trials published between 1959 and 2011. The experts observed which of them were taking medication and which had recurred.

The results showed that the relapse rate was 64% in people who did not take medication. Among those who took drugs for at least one year, the rate of relapse was 27%. However, the author of the study, from the Technische Universität University Hospital in Germany, points out that the use of antipsychotics is not free of side effects. Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that affects about 24 million people worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Symptoms may include hallucinations, delusions, and adverse behaviors. At the first signs of illness, a professional should be sought. Medications and family support control schizophrenia

For you, everything seems real. But the confusion begins by noting that for people around it, it's all just your imagination. This is the difficult situation that a person with schizophrenia needs to face, but not alone. New research by the Brazilian Association of Family, Friends and Schizophrenia (ABRE), in partnership with the Unifesp Schizophrenia Program (PROESQ), shows how support from close people, in addition to efficient treatment, can help control

According to psychiatrist Rodrigo Bressan, coordinator of PROESQ / Unifesp, the information showed that prevention is the best way to prevent relapses. "You need more and more effective medications combined with medical treatment," he says. The study concludes that it is possible to have a normal life being a carrier, as long as the treatment is effective and started early. It is very difficult to identify both schizophrenia and the onset of relapse, but the sooner the diagnosis occurs, the better the chance of treatment going. "If the patient has never taken medication or stopped for a long time, the brain deteriorates and the drug becomes resistant to the medication," says psychiatrist Julieta Guevara of the Brazilian Association of Psychiatry

How to avoid these crises

The use of antipsychotic drugs is crucial, but, on their own, they do not solve the disease and can still produce a number of side effects, such as excessive salivation, stuck intestine and muscle hardening. Therefore, Rodrigo Bressan recommends combining medications with therapy and activities that increase the patient's contact with reality. "Painting, drawing, and music classes are great allies of the control of schizophrenia," he suggests.

Life-long treatment

Because schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness, the patient will need to manage relapses throughout life . Rodrigo Bressan says that crises usually occur precisely because the person abandons the treatment because he believes he is cured, since the symptoms may disappear. "But the disease will only be kept under control if there is full adherence to treatment," he warned.

The caregiver's challenge

Caregiver work is very important - and complicated. As the patient tends to isolate himself and have different reactions, he needs a person to accompany him constantly, giving support and being attentive to possible symptoms of relapse. "It is also essential to stimulate the patient's contact with the family so that they feel part of that nucleus and interact," says psychiatrist Vânia Baggio.

This is why family and friends need to be informed about the disease in order to understand the behavior of the patient. The Brazilian Association of Family, Friends and Schizophrenia Association (ABRE) research showed that, during a relapse, the best attitudes that the caregiver can have, besides giving medication, are: listening to the patient for hours, talking very little, not arguing otherwise, not remonstrating and not disqualifying the patient's perceptions.


Vigorexia and anorexia are motivated by excessive beauty patterns

Vigorexia and anorexia are motivated by excessive beauty patterns

The excessive appreciation of aesthetics by modern society has made its victims both among men when it comes to women. Excessive vanity can lead to obsessions over the perfect body, causing a distortion of self-image - that is, one looks in the mirror and sees fats or imperfections that do not really exist - and triggering pathologies that at first glance are radically opposite, but when they are best analyzed, they are, in fact, very similar: anorexia and vigorexia.

(Health)

Brazil's Stefan Henze, dead in Rio de Janeiro, will be transplanted in Brazil

Brazil's Stefan Henze, dead in Rio de Janeiro, will be transplanted in Brazil

The organs of the German technician were removed on Tuesday (15) to be referred to several hospitals in Rio de Janeiro. His heart was taken to the INC (National Institute of Cardiology), which confirmed the completion of a transplant. "The recipient, a 66-year-old woman, has already undergone transplantation and has a stable health condition," said INC in a statement.

(Health)