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Scientist classifies a new organ in the human body

Scientist classifies a new organ in the human body

Gray's Anatomy

") written by Henry Gray and even used today in medical colleges, has been updated to include this new organ. The new organ is fan-shaped and is a fold of the peritoneum (the lining of the abdominal cavity), connecting the intestine with the abdomen. Previously, it was believed that it was a complex structure and formed by separate parts, but using a microscope Professor Calvin Coffey realized that in fact it is a continuous structure and proposed to classify it, therefore, as an organ. However, although the anatomy and composition of this organ is clear to the scientist, it remains to be studied what his function is. With this, it will be possible to see when this organ functions incorrectly and to characterize diseases. Coffey's hope, which teaches the discipline of surgery, is that this new organ brings a new light to abdominal and digestive diseases and even helps to make the surgeries in this region less invasive and with fewer complications. However, there is still much to study. Coffey believes that this new field of study involves not only gastroenterology and coloproctology but also neurology.

What we know about mesentery?

The mesentery is a part of the peritoneum and its tissues carry arteries, veins, neurons and lymph glands. It connects these structures of the intestine with the rest of the body. At present its main function is to keep the intestines in their proper place within the abdomen.

It is usually divided into two parts: the omentum, which surrounds the small intestine; and the mesocolon, which involves the different parts of the large intestine.

Today, there are already mesentery-related health conditions, such as the development of cancers in this organ, especially in the mesentery connected to the small intestine. The main symptom of these cases are pain.

There is also a disease called mesenteric ischemia, where there is narrowing of blood vessels in the region, which reduces blood flow to the intestine, causing abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. If left untreated, the disease can bring permanent damage to the body.


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