Look at the damage the pool does to the hair and how to protect itself
Ah! The summer ... The hottest season of the year recalls beach, sun, sea, swimming pool. People tend to expose themselves to all of this, often without realizing that, besides the skin, these agents can cause damage to the hair. The wind, the sun, the salt of the sea: all of them, to a greater or lesser extent, isolated or together, damage the cuticle that covers the hair strands, causing dehydration. This can lead to the emergence of double ends and the much-feared frizz.
But one of the most harmful agents for the wires is pool chlorine! Therefore, in this article we will discuss the alternative chlorine treatments available for swimming pools and the necessary care for the hair in all these situations.
Conventional treatment of pool water is granulated chlorine and some algicide, such as copper sulfate. Algaecides are products used to eliminate algae, which can accumulate in pools, giving a greenish, dingy appearance. The pH must be kept alkaline and a certain amount of residual chlorine is required in the water to be free of microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi, in addition to the already mentioned algae.
In this context, the hair is dehydrated by the sun , chlorine and wind. In addition, people who are blond or have discolored their hair run the risk of getting their hair greenish by a reaction that occurs with copper sulphate.
However, not all swimming pools are treated with this combination today. Next we will look at alternatives to chlorine and what may occur in hair with contact with each of them.
Ozone is a natural product formed from oxygen, which has a very high oxidation capacity. Despite this, it is important to know that chlorine is not totally dispensed with in this type of treatment. Of course, because it is reduced, there is less aggression to the skin, mucous membranes and hair, compared to a pool treated exclusively with chlorine. However, it is important to remember that the sun and wind will still be present and the hair care should be maintained.
Ionization, which should not be confused with the method described above, is a process which often does not dispense chlorine to treat the organic part, as in the case of ozone. This process eliminates the need to use algicides, but not chlorine. In addition, this process leaves an excess of metals in the water, namely: silver and copper. This can also, albeit to a lesser extent, cause that fearful greenish coloration on discolored hair.
In salinization, the water is treated with an extra amount of sodium chloride, the known cooking salt. An electric current breaks this molecule into sodium and chlorine ions, so there is residual chlorine in this water. The chlorine content is reduced and eliminated gradually, but there is still chlorine. In addition, it is a hypertonic water, ie, similar to sea water, there is a greater chance of dehydration of the wires, due to loss of water.
Finally, ultraviolet is an ineffective form of water treatment, being only bactericidal. There is still a need for chlorine or ozone to oxidize the organic substances present in the water, such as: urine, dead skin, sweat, excretions, etc.
As we have seen, all pool water treatments, may damage the wires. I recommend, firstly, the use of sunscreen specific to the hair, washing of the hair with running water after the baths and the immediate reapplication of the filter post-rinse. Also, use caps and hats, leave-ins, nutritious masks and conditioners during the holidays. It is also important to hydrate your hair regularly in the salon with a good professional before and after the holidays.As for discolored hair, it is advisable to soak them with running water, before and after swimming pools. Keeping them well hydrated is critical as it is the porosity that facilitates the greening reaction. If this happens, I recommend using whole milk in the threads and looking for a good professional. Homemade recipes with aspirin, lemon juice and vinegar may even resolve the greenish appearance, but there is a risk of further damage to the yarn.
We know that many women risk coloring hair, discoloration, moisturizing, or even capillary reconstruction at home. However, there are a few things you need to know before venturing into this team of courage. First, we need to explain the composition of the hair. It is a balance between water (hydration), lipids or fats (emolliency) and proteins (keratin).
Do you know Ombré Hair? This new trend of lights is different from the Californian ones and is making the head of several powerful women, from the hollywoodianas to the Brazilian ones. Actresses like Sarah Jessica Parker, Julia Roberts, Fernanda Paes Lemos and Deborah Secco are some of the supporters.
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