Send away breathing difficulties with daily habits
Anyone with a respiratory illness knows as natural an act as breathing can be painful. In most cases, the person breathes through the mouth, because the nose is too obstructed. However, this habit can become a problem and even lead to chronic rhinitis. "The nose has defense systems," says pulmonologist Igor Bastos Polonio, of the Paulista Society of Pneumology and Tisiology, who breathes a lot through the mouth. "The act of breathing through the mouth brings reflexes even in the posture of the individual. Respiratory physiotherapist Tânia Lucia Nen, president of the Brazilian Association of Asthmatics (ABRA), says that this type of incorrect breathing leads to changes in the spine, such as scoliosis and kyphotic posture (shoulders slumped forward). "Children who sleep with open mouth and breathe through it may have deformities in the chest and altered spine posture," he points out. These changes also occur in the roof of the mouth, which can result in a picture of sleep apnea.
Move away from the cause of these problems
It is possible to breathe well and through the nose, even with rhinitis, sinusitis or other respiratory illness. In cases of allergic rhinitis, according to the pulmonologist Igor, the first attitude is to move away from the agent causing the allergy, be it mite, animal hair, pollen, carpet, curtain, cigarette smoke, etc.
there may be an improvement - and that is the time for the doctor to associate medication, if necessary. "The treatment is nasal medication and, in cases without response, surgery by the otorhinolaryngologist," explains the specialist.
Re-issue your breathing
Other helpers may also be associated with improvements in breathing. Respiratory physiotherapy stands out and, in cases of changes in posture, it joins RPG (global postural reeducation). This physiotherapy, Tania says, corrects breathing patterns, increases respiratory capacity, ventilation and pulmonary oxygenation, thereby making the lung more resistant to asthma attacks, as well as reducing secretion.
The first step is the Physiotherapy helps the patient clear the airways. In nasal clearing, the person tilts the face back so that the physiotherapist puts saline in their nostrils. After receiving a massage on the breasts of the face, it will be able to expel the secretion forward.
Drinking water helps in respiratory crises - Getty Images
The therapy also works with relaxation of the upper musculature of the shoulder, which is "blocked", increasing the mobility of the thorax. "People who have respiratory problems have a lot of tension in their muscles and the diaphragm is blocked, it's like a knot in the necktie," explains the physiotherapist.
Although these processes must be performed by a professional, there are exercises that can be made at home to improve your breathing. Take a few examples, taught by respiratory therapist Tânia:
Sit in a chair and place a hand on the navel. Breathe through the nose and let go of the mouth, pouting to blow. When filling your lungs, keep your shoulders loose and your spine straight. "The patient is going to breathe with his belly, he will relax his shoulder and grow his belly, let the air and shrink the belly, to help release the air that is trapped and renew the breath," explains the physiotherapist.
Actually, the belly will not be filled with air, but the lower part of your lungs, which is generally little used at the time of breathing. To vary this exercise, you can, instead of leaving your arms rested, lift them as the lungs fill. When you release the air, also let go of your arms.
Changing position is also valid. If you prefer to do it lying down, stomach up, bend your legs to relax the lower back muscles and, likewise, place your hand on the abdomen. Then try with your hands raised: lift them up as you inhale and, when you exhale, lower yourself. Try, still, lying on your side, with your legs bent - always being careful to keep your spine straight and your muscles relaxed.
Sports can also be a great ally. Sports practices such as swimming, walking, soccer and respiratory pilates (a mode that works especially breathing patterns) may even reduce inflammation, provided that certain care is taken.
Anyone who resolves swimming, for example, may be allergic to chlorine the pool. There is also the question of the environment to practice the activity. If this happens in a polluted environment, the respiratory condition may worsen. For all these reasons, it is important to seek a doctor before any sports practice - and this holds for any age, as Polonio points out.
Liquids play an important role in eliminating secretion, in the quality of the breath. "The lung needs to be hydrated to help eliminate phlegm," she says, explaining that the dehydration may worsen.
Inhalations are also welcome. When done correctly, they hydrate the lungs and dilate the bronchi, making it easier to breathe. Ideally, it should only be done with the guidance of a health professional.
"Corrosion" of the tooth by the action of acids. That is why we can not say that caries is "transmitted" from person to person, but bacteria can pass from one mouth to another, since the mouth is like an ecosystem that houses different microorganisms. Usually this passage occurs by kissing, using cutlery, toothbrush, other objects contaminated by saliva and by ingestion of certain foods.
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